Oganésson

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Oganésson, 118Og
Oganésson
ᵒoganesson·
Pabaosan
Cingakanmetalik (kacawang)
Nomor massa[294]
Oganésson ring tabél périodik
Hidrogén Hélium
Litium Bérilium Boron Karbon Nitrogén Oksigén Fluorin Néon
Natrium Magnésium Aluminium Silikon Phosfor Urirang Klorin Argon
Potasium Kalsium Skandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Mangan (datu) Wesi Kobalt Nikel Temaga Séng Gallium Gérmanium Arsenik Sélénium Brom Kripton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirkonium Niobium Molibdénum Téknésium Ruthénium Rhodium Palladium Pérak Kadmium Indium Timah Antimoni Téllurium Iodin Xénon
Sésium Barium Lanthanum Sérium Praséodimium Néodimium Prométhium Samarium Éuropium Gadolinium Terbium Disprosium Holmium Érbium Thulium Itterbium Lutésium Hafnium Tantalum Tungstén Rhénium Osmium Iridium Platinum Mas Rasa (datu) Thallium Timbal Bismuth Polonium Astatin Radon
Fransium Radium Aktinium Thorium Protaktinium Uranium Néptunium Plutonium Amérikium Kurium Berkélium Kalifornium Éinstéinium Férmium Méndélévium Nobélium Lawrénsium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnérium Darmstadtium Roéntgénium Kopérnikium Nihonium Flérovium Moskovium Livermorium Ténnessin Oganésson
Rn

Og

(Usb)
ténnessinOganéssonununénnium
Wilangan atom (Z)118
Watekgolongan 18 (gas mulia)
Périodepériode 7
Blok  blok-p
Konpigurasi éléktron[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p6 (kacawang)[3][4]
Éléktron per kulit2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8 (kacawang)
Cecirén pisik
Pase ring STPpadet (kacawang)[5]
Titik lebur325 ± 15 K ​(52 ± 15 °C, ​125 ± 27 °F) (kacawang)[5]
Titik didih450 ± 10 K ​(177 ± 10 °C, ​350 ± 18 °F) (kacawang)[5]
Kapadetan (nampek s.r.)6.6–7.4 g/cm3 (kacawang)[5]
Titik kritis439 K, 6.8 MPa (kaékstrapolasi)[6]
Panes fusi23.5 kJ/mol (kaékstrapolasi)[6]
Panes panguapan19.4 kJ/mol (kaéstrapolasi)[6]
Cecirén atom
Paindikan oksidasi(−1),[4] (0), (+1),[7] (+2),[8] (+4),[8] (+6)[4] (kacawang)
Wasa ionisasi
  • 1st: 860.1 kJ/mol (kacawang)[9]
  • 2nd: 1560 kJ/mol (kacawang)[10]
Jeriji atomémpiris: 152 pm (kacawang)[11]
Jeriji kovalén157 pm (kacawang)[12]
Cecirén liyanan
Struktur kristalkubus mapusat muka (fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for Oganésson

(kaékstrapolasi)[13]
Nomor CAS54144-19-3
Lelintihan
PangarananYuri Oganéssian
PancawanganHans Peter Jørgen Julius Thomsen (1895)
PanemuanInstitut Sareng antuk Riset Nuklir miwah Laboratorium Nasional Lawrence Livermore (2002)
Isotop utama Oganésson
Iso­top Kalimpahan Paruh-idup (t1/2) Mode paluruhan Pro­duk
294Og[14] syn 0.69 ms[15] α 290Lv
SF
Symbol question.svg Kategori:Oganésson
| pustaka

Oganésson silih tunggil datu kimia sintétis antuk simbol Og miwah wilangan atom 118. Kapertama kasintesis warsa 2002 ring Institut Sareng antuk Riset Nuklir (JINR) ring Dubna, nampek Moskow, Rusia, olih tim jangkepan ilmuwan Rusia miwah Amérika. Ring Déaémber 2015, itu kaakuin manados satunggil saking papat datu anyar olih pakaryan IUPAC/IUPAP saking badan sains internasional IUPAC miwah IUPAP. Resmi kaaranin ring 28 Nopémber 2016.[17][18] Aran antuk mihormatin pisikawan nuklir Yuri Oganéssian, sané kautama ring panemuan datu pinih baat ring tabél périodik. Punika wantah kalih datu sané kaaranin saking parab jadma sané kantun urip ri kala paaranan ipun, aran tiosan seaborgium, miwah dados datu sané kaaranin sekadi punika nganti mangkin.[19]

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. "Oganesson – Periodic Table of Videos". 15 Désémber 2016.
  2. Ritter, Malcolm (9 June 2016). "Periodic table elements named for Moscow, Japan, Tennessee". Associated Press. Kaakses 19 Désémber 2017.
  3. Nash, Clinton S. (2005). "Atomic and Molecular Properties of Elements 112, 114, and 118". Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 109 (15): 3493–3500. Bibcode:2005JPCA..109.3493N. doi:10.1021/jp050736o. PMID 16833687.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". Ring Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (eds.). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (edisi ka-3rd). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-3555-5.
  5. 5,0 5,1 5,2 5,3 Smits, Odile; Mewes, Jan-Michael; Jerabek, Paul; Schwerdtfeger, Peter (2020). "Oganesson: A Noble Gas Element That Is Neither Noble Nor a Gas". Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 59 (52): 23636-23640. doi:10.1002/anie.202011976.
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 Eichler, R.; Eichler, B., Thermochemical Properties of the Elements Rn, 112, 114, and 118 (PDF), Paul Scherrer Institut, kaakses 2010-10-23
  7. Han, Young-Kyu; Bae, Cheolbeom; Son, Sang-Kil; Lee, Yoon Sup (2000). "Spin–orbit effects on the transactinide p-block element monohydrides MH (M=element 113–118)". Journal of Chemical Physics. 112 (6): 2684. Bibcode:2000JChPh.112.2684H. doi:10.1063/1.480842.
  8. 8,0 8,1 Kaldor, Uzi; Wilson, Stephen (2003). Theoretical Chemistry and Physics of Heavy and Superheavy Elements. Springer. p. 105. ISBN 978-1402013713. Kaakses 2008-01-18.
  9. Pershina, Valeria. "Theoretical Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements". Ring Schädel, Matthias; Shaughnessy, Dawn (eds.). The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements (edisi ka-2nd). Springer Science & Business Media. p. 154. ISBN 9783642374661.
  10. Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. Structure and Bonding. 21. pp. 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. ISBN 978-3-540-07109-9. Kaakses 4 October 2013.
  11. Oganesson, American Elements
  12. Oganesson - Element information, properties and uses, Royal Chemical Society
  13. Grosse, A. V. (1965). "Some physical and chemical properties of element 118 (Eka-Em) and element 86 (Em)". Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry. Elsevier Science Ltd. 27 (3): 509–19. doi:10.1016/0022-1902(65)80255-X.
  14. Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Utyonkov, V. K.; Lobanov, Yu. V.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Polyakov, A. N.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; et al. (2006-10-09). "Synthesis of the isotopes of elements 118 and 116 in the 249Cf and 245Cm+48Ca fusion reactions". Physical Review C. 74 (4): 044602. Bibcode:2006PhRvC..74d4602O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.74.044602. Kaakses 2008-01-18.
  15. Oganessian, Yuri Ts.; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof P. (August 2015). "A beachhead on the island of stability". Physics Today. 68 (8): 32–38. Bibcode:2015PhT....68h..32O. doi:10.1063/PT.3.2880. OSTI 1337838.
  16. Ritter, Malcolm (9 June 2016). "Periodic table elements named for Moscow, Japan, Tennessee". Associated Press. Kaakses 19 December 2017.
  17. Staff (30 November 2016). "IUPAC Announces the Names of the Elements 113, 115, 117, and 118". IUPAC. Kaakses 1 December 2016.
  18. St. Fleur, Nicholas (1 December 2016). "Four New Names Officially Added to the Periodic Table of Elements". The New York Times. Kaakses 1 December 2016.
  19. Oganessian, Yuri (16 March 2007). "IUPAC Is Naming The Four New Elements Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine, And Oganesson". Journal of Physics G: Nuclear Physics. 34 (4): R165–R242. Bibcode:2007JPhG...34R.165O. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/34/4/R01. Kaakses 8 June 2016.