Flérovium

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Flérovium, 114Fl
Flérovium
pleropiyum·
Pabaosan
Nomor massa[289] (durung kapastika: 290)
Flérovium ring tabél périodik
Hidrogén Hélium
Litium Bérilium Boron Karbon Nitrogén Oksigén Fluorin Néon
Natrium Magnésium Aluminium Silikon Phosfor Urirang Klorin Argon
Potasium Kalsium Skandium Titanium Vanadium Kromium Mangan (datu) Wesi Kobalt Nikel Temaga Séng Gallium Gérmanium Arsenik Sélénium Brom Kripton
Rubidium Strontium Ittrium Zirkonium Niobium Molibdénum Téknésium Ruthénium Rhodium Palladium Pérak Kadmium Indium Timah Antimoni Téllurium Yodium Xénon
Sésium Barium Lanthanum Sérium Praséodimium Néodimium Prométhium Samarium Éuropium Gadolinium Terbium Disprosium Holmium Érbium Thulium Itterbium Lutésium Hafnium Tantalum Tungstén Rhénium Osmium Iridium Platinum Mas Rasa (datu) Thallium Timbal Bismuth Polonium Astatin Radon
Fransium Radium Aktinium Thorium Protaktinium Uranium Néptunium Plutonium Amérisium Curium Berkélium Kalifornium Éinsteinium Fermium Méndelevium Nobélium Lawrénsium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnérium Darmstadtium Roéntgénium Kopernikium Nihonium Flérovium Moskovium Livermorium Ténnessin Oganésson
Pb

Fl

(Uho)
nihoniumfléroviummoskovium
Wilangan atom (Z)114
Watekgolongan 14 (golongan karbon)
Périodepériode 7
Blok  blok-p
Konpigurasi éléktron[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2 (kacawang)[3]
Éléktron per kulit2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 4 (kacawang)
Cecirén pisik
Pase ring STPliquid (kacawang)[4]
Titik lebur200 K ​(−73 °C, ​−100 °F) (kacawang)[4]
Titik didih380 K ​(107 °C, ​224 °F) (kacawang)[4]
Kapadetan (nampek s.r.)9.928 g/cm3 (kacawang)[5]
Panes panguapan38 kJ/mol (kacawang)Mal:Fricke1975
Cecirén atom
Paindikan oksidasi(0), (+1), (+2), (+4), (+6) (kacawang)[3]Mal:Fricke1975[6]
Wasa ionisasi
Jeriji atomémpiris: 180 pm (kacawang)[3]Mal:Fricke1975
Jeriji kovalén171–177 pm (kaékstrapolasi)[8]
Cecirén liyanan
Struktur kristalkubus mapusat muka (fcc)
Face-centred cubic crystal structure for flérovium

(kacawang)[9]
Nomor CAS54085-16-4
Lelintihan
Pangarananmawit Laboratorium Réaksi Nuklir Flérov (parinama punika kaambil saking Georgy Flyorov)[10]
PanemuanJoint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) (1998)
Isotop utama flérovium
Iso­top Kalimpahan Paruh-idup (t1/2) Mode paluruhan Pro­duk
284Fl[11][12] syn 2.5 ms SF
285Fl[13] syn 0.10 s α 281Cn
286Fl syn 0.12 s 40% α 282Cn
60% SF
287Fl[14] syn 0.48 s α 283Cn
EC? 287Nh
288Fl syn 0.66 s α 284Cn
289Fl syn 1.9 s α 285Cn
290Fl[15][16] syn 19 s? EC 290Nh
α 286Cn
Symbol question.svg Kategori:Flérovium
| pustaka

Flérovium silih tunggil datu kimia sintétik sanget baat antuk simbol Fl miwah wilangan atom 114. Punika sanget datu radioaktip. Datu puniki kaaranin mawit Laboratorium Réaksi Nuklir Flerov saking Institut Sarengan antuk Risét Nuklir ring Dubna, Rusia, ring dija datu punika katemuin warsa 1998. Aran laboratorium, ring galah nyané, antuk ngormatin fisikawan Rusia Georgy Flyorov (Флёров ring Sirilik, mawinan transliterasi saking "yo" dados "é"). Aran punika kaanggén olih IUPAC ring 30 Méi 2012. Aran miwah simbol sadurungné sampun kausulang antuk datu 102 (nobélium), menawi nénten katerima olih IUPAC ri kala punika.

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. "Flerovium and Livermorium". Periodic Table of Videos. The University of Nottingham. Kaaksés 4 Juni 2012.
  2. "Flerovium". Lexico. Kaaksés 11 November 2020.
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". Ring Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (eds.). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (édisi ka-3rd). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-3555-5.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 Mewes, Jan-Michael; Schwerdtfeger, Peter (11 February 2021). "Exclusively Relativistic: Periodic Trends in the Melting and Boiling Points of Group 12". Angewandte Chemie. 60 (14): 7703–7709. doi:10.1002/anie.202100486. PMC 8048430 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 33576164 Check |pmid= value (help).
  5. Hermann, Andreas; Furthmüller, Jürgen; Gäggeler, Heinz W.; Schwerdtfeger, Peter (2010). "Spin-orbit effects in structural and electronic properties for the solid state of the group-14 elements from carbon to superheavy element 114". Physical Review B. 82 (15): 155116–1–8. Bibcode:2010PhRvB..82o5116H. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.82.155116.
  6. Schwerdtfeger, Peter; Seth, Michael (2002). "Relativistic Quantum Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements. Closed-Shell Element 114 as a Case Study" (PDF). Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences. 3 (1): 133–136. doi:10.14494/jnrs2000.3.133. Kaaksés 12 September 2014. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  7. Pershina, Valeria (30 November 2013). "Theoretical Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements". Ring Schädel, Matthias; Shaughnessy, Dawn (eds.). The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements (édisi ka-2nd). Springer Science & Business Media. p. 154. ISBN 9783642374661.
  8. Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry. American Chemical Society. 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021.
  9. Maiz Hadj Ahmed, H.; Zaoui, A.; Ferhat, M. (2017). "Revisiting the ground state phase stability of super-heavy element Flerovium". Cogent Physics. 4 (1). doi:10.1080/23311940.2017.1380454. S2CID 125920084. Kaaksés 26 November 2018.
  10. IUPAC (30 Méi 2012). Element 114 is Named Flerovium and Element 116 is Named Livermorium. Siaran pers.
  11. Utyonkov, V.K. et al. (2015) Synthesis of superheavy nuclei at limits of stability: 239,240Pu + 48Ca and 249–251Cf + 48Ca reactions. Super Heavy Nuclei International Symposium, Texas A & M University, College Station TX, USA, March 31 – April 02, 2015
  12. Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G.; Miernik, K.; Polyakov, A. N.; Roberto, J. B.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Shumeiko, M. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; Voinov, A. A.; Subbotin, V. G.; Sukhov, A. M.; Sabel'nikov, A. V.; Vostokin, G. K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Stoyer, M. A.; Strauss, S. Y. (15 September 2015). "Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions". Physical Review C. 92 (3): 034609-1–034609-10. Bibcode:2015PhRvC..92c4609U. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  13. Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dimitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G.; Miernik, K.; Polyakov, A. N.; Roberto, J. B.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Shumeiko, M. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; Voinov, A. A.; Subbotin, V. G.; Sukhov, A. M.; Karpov, A. V.; Popeko, A. G.; Sabel'nikov, A. V.; Svirikhin, A. I.; Vostokin, G. K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Kovrinzhykh, N. D.; Schlattauer, L.; Stoyer, M. A.; Gan, Z.; Huang, W. X.; Ma, L. (30 January 2018). "Neutron-deficient superheavy nuclei obtained in the 240Pu+48Ca reaction". Physical Review C. 97 (1): 014320-1–014320-10. Bibcode:2018PhRvC..97a4320U. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.97.014320.
  14. Hofmann, S.; Heinz, S.; Mann, R.; Maurer, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Antalic, S.; Barth, W.; Burkhard, H. G.; Dahl, L.; Eberhardt, K.; Grzywacz, R.; Hamilton, J. H.; Henderson, R. A.; Kenneally, J. M.; Kindler, B.; Kojouharov, I.; Lang, R.; Lommel, B.; Miernik, K.; Miller, D.; Moody, K. J.; Morita, K.; Nishio, K.; Popeko, A. G.; Roberto, J. B.; Runke, J.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Saro, S.; Schneidenberger, C.; Schött, H. J.; Shaughnessy, D. A.; Stoyer, M. A.; Thörle-Pospiech, P.; Tinschert, K.; Trautmann, N.; Uusitalo, J.; Yeremin, A. V. (2016). "Remarks on the Fission Barriers of SHN and Search for Element 120". Ring Peninozhkevich, Yu. E.; Sobolev, Yu. G. (eds.). Exotic Nuclei: EXON-2016 Proceedings of the International Symposium on Exotic Nuclei. Exotic Nuclei. pp. 155–164. ISBN 9789813226555.
  15. Hofmann, S.; Heinz, S.; Mann, R.; Maurer, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Antalic, S.; Barth, W.; Burkhard, H. G.; Dahl, L.; Eberhardt, K.; Grzywacz, R.; Hamilton, J. H.; Henderson, R. A.; Kenneally, J. M.; Kindler, B.; Kojouharov, I.; Lang, R.; Lommel, B.; Miernik, K.; Miller, D.; Moody, K. J.; Morita, K.; Nishio, K.; Popeko, A. G.; Roberto, J. B.; Runke, J.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Saro, S.; Scheidenberger, C.; Schött, H. J.; Shaughnessy, D. A.; Stoyer, M. A.; Thörle-Popiesch, P.; Tinschert, K.; Trautmann, N.; Uusitalo, J.; Yeremin, A. V. (2016). "Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120". The European Physics Journal A. 2016 (52): 180. Bibcode:2016EPJA...52..180H. doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16180-4. S2CID 124362890.
  16. Kaji, Daiya; Morita, Kosuke; Morimoto, Kouji; Haba, Hiromitsu; Asai, Masato; Fujita, Kunihiro; Gan, Zaiguo; Geissel, Hans; Hasebe, Hiroo; Hofmann, Sigurd; Huang, MingHui; Komori, Yukiko; Ma, Long; Maurer, Joachim; Murakami, Masashi; Takeyama, Mirei; Tokanai, Fuyuki; Tanaka, Taiki; Wakabayashi, Yasuo; Yamaguchi, Takayuki; Yamaki, Sayaka; Yoshida, Atsushi (2017). "Study of the Reaction 48Ca + 248Cm → 296Lv* at RIKEN-GARIS". Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 86 (3): 034201–1–7. Bibcode:2017JPSJ...86c4201K. doi:10.7566/JPSJ.86.034201.