Negara wagian Amérika Serikat

Saking Wikipédia
Negara wagian A.S.
Tasih kasengguh dados:
Persemakmuran (4 negara wagian)
Map of USA States with names white.svg
KatégoriNegara wagian
Genah Amérika Serikat
Akéh wawidangan50
Krama515,004 (Wyoming) – 38,802,500 (California)[1]
Jimbar1,214 mil persegi (3,140 km2) (Rhode Island) – 663,268 mil persegi (1,717,860 km2) (Alaska)[2]
PamréntahanPamrentahan negara wagian
Pembagian administratipCounty (utawi sane setingkat)

Negara wagian Amérika Serikat inggih punika sebutan bagi masing-masing saking seket entitas politis konstituen sane ngwentuk pamrentahan federal Amérika Serikat. Papat riantaranyane secara resmi kasengguh dados "persemakmuran".

Ritatkala Deklarasi Kemerdekaan (Declaration of Independence), Amérika Serikat tuah madue 13 negara wagian. Akéh negara wagian niki manut galah terus bertambah saking warsa ka warsa wiadin terjadi perluasan wawidangan ka sisin kauh, penjajahan miwah pembelian tanah sané kalaksanayang pamrentahan AS, miwah pemecahan negara-negara wagian sané wenten nganti 50.

Lis negara wagian[uah | uah wit]

Puniki indik lis negara-negara wagian AS sané mangkin:

AlabamaAlaskaArizonaArkansasCaliforniaColoradoConnecticutDélawareFloridaGeorgiaHawaiiIdahoIllinoisIndianaIowaKansasKentuckyLouisianaMaineMarylandMassachusettsMichiganMinnesotaMississippiMissouriMontanaNebraskaNévadaNew HampshireNew JerseyNew MexicoNew YorkCarolina KalérDakota KalérOhioOklahomaOrégonPennsylvaniaNusa RhodeCarolina KelodDakota KelodTénnesseeTéxasUtahVermontVirginiaWashingtonVirginia KauhWisconsinWyomingDélawareMarylandNew HampshireNew JerseyMassachusettsConnecticutVirginia KauhVermontNusa RhodeMap of USA with state names.svg
Tentang gambar ini
Negara wagian ring Amérika Serikat
Negara USPS Tanggal magabung Krama Ibu kota Kota pinih akeh kramanyane Kobér
Alabama AL 1819121414 Des 1819 04,599,030 Montgomery Birmingham Flag of Alabama.svg
Alaska AK 195901033 Jan 1959 00,670,053 Juneau Anchorage Flag of Alaska.svg
Arizona AZ 1912021414 Feb 1912 06,166,318 Phoenix Phoenix Flag of Arizona.svg
Arkansas AR 1836061515 Jun 1836 02,810,872 Little Rock Little Rock Flag of Arkansas.svg
California CA 185009099 Sep 1850 38,802,500 Sacramento Los Angeles Flag of California.svg
Colorado CO 187608011 Agu 1876 04,753,377 Denver Denver Flag of Colorado.svg
Connecticut CT 178801099 Jan 1788 03,504,809 Hartford Bridgeport Flag of Connecticut.svg
Délaware DE 178712077 Des 1787 00,853,476 Dover Wilmington Flag of Delaware.svg
Florida FL 184503033 Mar 1845 18,089,888 Tallahassee Jacksonville Flag of Florida.svg
Georgia GA 178801022 Jan 1788 09,363,941 Atlanta Atlanta Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
Hawai`i HI 1959082121 Agu 1959 01,285,498 Honolulu Honolulu Flag of Hawaii.svg
Idaho ID 189007033 Jul 1890 01,466,465 Boise Boise Flag of Idaho.svg
Illinois IL 181812033 Des 1818 12,831,970 Springfield Chicago Flag of Illinois.svg
Indiana IN 1816121111 Des 1816 06,313,520 Indianapolis Indianapolis Flag of Indiana.svg
Iowa IA 1846122828 Des 1846 02,982,085 Des Moines Des Moines Flag of Iowa.svg
Kansas KS 1861012929 Jan 1861 02,764,075 Topeka Wichita Flag of Kansas.svg
Kentucky* KY 179206011 Jun 1792 04,206,074 Frankfort Louisville Flag of Kentucky.svg
Louisiana LA 1812043030 Apr 1812 04,287,768 Baton Rouge New Orleans * Flag of Louisiana.svg
Maine ME 1820031515 Mar 1820 01,321,574 Augusta Portland Flag of Maine.svg
Maryland MD 1788042828 Apr 1788 05,615,727 Annapolis Baltimore Flag of Maryland.svg
Massachusetts* MA 178802066 Feb 1788 06,437,193 Boston Boston Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Michigan MI 1837012626 Jan 1837 10,095,643 Lansing Detroit Flag of Michigan.svg
Minnesota MN 1858051111 Mei 1858 05,167,101 Saint Paul Minneapolis Flag of Minnesota.svg
Mississippi MS 1817121010 Des 1817 02,910,540 Jackson Jackson Flag of Mississippi.svg
Missouri MO 1821081010 Agu 1821 05,842,713 Jefferson City Kansas City Flag of Missouri.svg
Montana MT 188911088 Nov 1889 00,944,632 Helena Billings Flag of Montana.svg
Nebraska NE 186703011 Mar 1867 01,768,331 Lincoln Omaha Flag of Nebraska.svg
Névada NV 1864103131 Okt 1864 02,495,529 Carson City Las Vegas Flag of Nevada.svg
New Hampshire NH 1788062121 Jun 1788 01,314,895 Concord Manchester Flag of New Hampshire.svg
New Jersey NJ 1787121818 Des 1787 08,724,560 Trenton Newark Flag of New Jersey.svg
New Mexico NM 191201066 Jan 1912 01,954,599 Santa Fe Albuquerque Flag of New Mexico.svg
New York NY 1788072626 Jul 1788 19,306,183 Albany New York Flag of New York.svg
Carolina Kalér NC 1789112121 Nov 1789 08,856,505 Raleigh Charlotte Flag of North Carolina.svg
Dakota Kalér ND 188911022 Nov 1889 00,635,867 Bismarck Fargo Flag of North Dakota.svg
Ohio OH 180303011 Mar 1803 11,478,006 Columbus Columbus Flag of Ohio.svg
Oklahoma OK 1907111616 Nov 1907 03,579,212 Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Flag of Oklahoma.svg
Orégon OR 1859021414 Feb 1859 03,700,758 Salem Portland Flag of Oregon.svg
Pennsylvania* PA 1787121212 Des 1787 12,440,621 Harrisburg Philadelphia Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
Nusa Rhode* RI 1790052929 Mei 1790 01,067,610 Providence Providence Flag of Rhode Island.svg
Carolina Kelod SC 1788052323 Mei 1788 04,321,249 Columbia Columbia Flag of South Carolina.svg
Dakota Kelod SD 188911022 Nov 1889 00,781,919 Pierre Sioux Falls Flag of South Dakota.svg
Ténnessee TN 179606011 Jun 1796 06,038,803 Nashville Memphis Flag of Tennessee.svg
Téxas TX 1845122929 Des 1845 23,507,783 Austin Houston Flag of Texas.svg
Utah UT 189601044 Jan 1896 02,550,063 Salt Lake City Salt Lake City Flag of Utah.svg
Vermont VT 179103044 Mar 1791 00,623,908 Montpelier Burlington Flag of Vermont.svg
Virginia* VA 1788062525 Jun 1788 07,642,884 Richmond Virginia Beach Flag of Virginia.svg
Washington WA 1889111111 Nov 1889 06,395,798 Olympia Seattle Flag of Washington.svg
Virginia Kauh WV 1863062020 Jun 1863 01,818,470 Charleston Charleston Flag of West Virginia.svg
Wisconsin WI 1848052929 Mei 1848 05,556,506 Madison Milwaukee Flag of Wisconsin.svg
Wyoming WY 1890071010 Jul 1890 00,515,004 Cheyenne Cheyenne Flag of Wyoming.svg
  • Kentucky, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, miwah Virginia mastatus Persemakmuran, nenten negara wagian.
  • Nama resmi Nusa Rhode adalah "Negara wagian Rhode Island miwah Perkebunan Providence"

Pamrentahan[uah | uah wit]

Makejang negara wagian inggih punika entitas sané madruwé wewenang sané mandiri, mawinan negara bagian madué wewenang ngatur pamréntahannyané soang-soang salami kantun ring wates sané kaaturang olih Konstitusi AS. Punika mawinan pamréntahan negara bagian mavariasi, ring formalitas miwah substansi. Nénten wénten pamréntahan negara sané pateh sakadi sané tiosan.

Konstitusi[uah | uah wit]

Struktur pamréntahan soang-soang negara sané wénten madasar antuk konstitusi ipuné. Makudang-kudang konstitusi negara wagian sayan jejer miwah sayan canggih saking konstitusi pamrentah federal. Minakadi, Konstitusi Alabama madué 310.296 kruna, 40 kali akéhnyané saking Konstitusi AS.[3] Ring praktiknyane, soang-soang negara ngenahang sistem pamréntahan tiga cabang, inggih punika eksekutif, legislatif, miwah yudikatif, manut model pamréntahan federal.[3][4]

Eksekutip[uah | uah wit]

Manggala eksekutif ring soang-soang negara wagian kawastanin gubernur, sané mapakaryan dados Kepala negara miwah kepala pamaréntahan. Gubernur prasida nyetujuin utawi maveto rancangan undang-undang sané kawedar olih parlemen legislatif negara wagian.[5]

Wawidangan kusus[uah | uah wit]

Tiosan ring 50 negara wagian ring wewidangan punika, Amérika Serikat taler madué wewidangan miwah wewengkon-wewidangan sané tiosan:

Cingak malih[uah | uah wit]

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. "Table 1: Annual Estimates for the Resident Populations of the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico". Kaaksés July 1, 2015.
  2. "United States Summary: 2000" (PDF). U.S. Census 2000. U. S. Census Bureau. April 2004. Kaaksés September 15, 2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. 3,0 3,1 "State & Local Government". whitehouse.gov. The White House. Kaaksés 15-05-2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. "Frequently Asked Questions About the Minnesota Legislature". Minnesota State Legislature.
  5. "Gubernatorial Veto Authority with Respect to Major Budget Bill(s)". National Conference of State Legislatures.