Samong

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Samong
Bali tiger zanveld.jpg
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Trinomial name
Panthera tigris sondaica
(Temminck, 1844)
Panthera tigris tigris balica distribution map.png
Peta habitat samong
Sinonim

Sadurungnyane P. t. balica (Schwarz, 1912)

Samong utawi macan bali inggih punika wantah buron saking subspesies Panthera tigris sondaica, sané idup ring Nusa Bali, Indonésia[1]. Buron samong sampun punah duk dasawarsa 1950an[2].

Sadurungné samong wantah subspesies sané kawastanin Panthera tigris balica, nanging ring warsa 2007 manut ring ilmu taksonomi karevisi tur subpesies punika kasikiang sareng macan sumatra lan macan jawa dados subspesies Panthera tigris sondaica.

Pikolih saking analisis DNA mitokandria saking 23 sempel samong sané kapolih saking koleksi museum nyiriang samong punika idup ring Nusa sunda sepanjang periode glasial terakhir 11,000–12,000 warsa sané dumunan[3]. Ring Bali samong sané pinih untat kabedil wantah ring Desa Sumber Kima, Buleleng[4]. Populasi samong kaboros nganti punah lan alas tongos idpné kaubah daod carik lan tegalan.

Karakteristik[uah | uah wit]

Samong wantah macan sané pinih alit kabandangin saking macan-macan ring Nusa Sunda[5]. Ring abad ka-20, wantah 7 tulang lan kulit samong sané wénten ring museum. Kulit samong muani kaukur dawanyané wantah 220 jantos 230 cm saking tendas jantos ikuh, sané lua dawanyané wantah 190 jantos 210 cm. Baat somong muani inggih punika 90 jantos 100 kg lan samong lua 65 jantos 80 kg[6].

Kapunahan[uah | uah wit]

Oszkár Vojnich lan sakaa beboros sareng samong sane kabedil ring Gunung Gondol, Bali, Nopember 1911

Ring abad ka-19 sawah sampun kakaryanin ring sajebag Bali. Ngaboros samong kajumuin sesampun Belanda nguasa ring bali[7]. Duk masa penjajahan Belanda akeh jadma eropa sané maboros ring bali sané madué bedil. Samong kaboros ngagge jebag besi lan madging umpan kambing utawi kidang raris kabedil saking genah sané nampek. Ring warsa 1941 Taman nasional Bali Barat kadiriang ring Buleleng, nanging punika sampun kasep nylametin samong saking kapunahan.

Makudang-kudang tulang lan kulit samong kaawetang ring museum. The British Museum ring London madué koleksi sné pinih akeh, inggih punika kalih kulit lan tiga tengkorak. Sané lianan minakadi Senckenberg Museum ring Frankfurt, Naturkunde Museum ring Stuttgart, Naturalis museum ring Leiden lan museum zoologi ring Bogor, Indonésia, sané madrue somong sané pinih ungkur.

Budaya[uah | uah wit]

Samong wantah kasob ring satua lan budaya Bali sekadi ring lukisan kamasan ring Puri Klungkung. Barong macan inggih punika soroh igel-igelan barong sané wentuknyané marupa samong[8].

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. Kitchener, A.C. Breitenmoser-Würsten, C. Eizirik, E. Gentry, A. Werdelin, L. Wilting, A. Yamaguchi, N. Abramov, A.V. Christiansen, P. Driscoll, C.A. Duckworth, J.W. Johnson, W.E. Luo, S.J. Meijaard, E. O’Donoghue, P. Sanderson, J. Seymour, K. Bruford, M.W. Groves, C. Hoffmann, M. Nowell, K. Timmons, Z. Tobe, S.S. (2017). A revised taxonomy of the Felidae. The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. Cat Specialist Group. OCLC 1097202348.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Program)), Ullas Karanth (Wildlife Conservation Society (India; Tigers), Kae Kawanishi (Malaysian Conservation Alliance for; Program), Dale Miquelle (Wildlife Conservation Society Russian Far East; Jhala, Yadvendradev; Goodrich (Panthera), John; Society), Anthony Lynam (Wildlife Conservation; Htun (WCS), Saw; Pattanavibool (WCS), Anak; Montana), Tshering Tempa (Univ (2014-04-20). "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Tiger". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. doi:10.2305/iucn.uk.2015-2.rlts.t15955a50659951.en. Retrieved 2020-04-08.
  3. Xue, H.-R.; Yamaguchi, N.; Driscoll, C. A.; Han, Y.; Bar-Gal, G. K.; Zhuang, Y.; Mazak, J. H.; Macdonald, D. W.; O'Brien, S. J.; Luo, S.-J. (2015-05-01). "Genetic Ancestry of the Extinct Javan and Bali Tigers". Journal of Heredity (in Inggris). 106 (3): 247–257. doi:10.1093/jhered/esv002. ISSN 0022-1503. PMC 4406268. PMID 25754539.CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  4. "Matinya Godel, Warga Langgahan Ungkap Lihat Harimau Bali 5 Tahun Lalu, Namun Begini Fakta Sejarahnya". Tribun Bali (in Indonesia). Retrieved 2020-04-08.
  5. Schwarz, Ernst (1912-09). "XLIII.— Notes on Malay tigers, with description of a new form from Bali". Annals and Magazine of Natural History (in Inggris). 10 (57): 324–326. doi:10.1080/00222931208693243. ISSN 0374-5481. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. Mazak, Vratislav (1981-05-08). "Panthera tigris". Mammalian Species (152): 1. doi:10.2307/3504004.
  7. Seidensticker, J. (1986). "Large carnivores and the consequences of habitat insularization: ecology and conservation of tigers in Indonesia and Bangladesh". In S. D. Miller; D. D. Everett (eds.). Cats of the World: biology, conservation, and management. Washington DC: National Wildlife Federation. pp. 1–41.
  8. Bandem, I. M. (1976). "Barong Dance". The World of Music. 1 (3): 45–52. JSTOR 43563555