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Assam

Saking Wikipédia
Assam
Lambang resmi Assam
Etimologi: "Uneven" utawi saking "Ahom"
Julukan: 
"Tanah saking Lebah Béru"
Motto: 
Joi Aai Axom (Salam pertiwi Assam)[1]
Lagu: "O Mur Apunar Desh" (Wahai Negara Tresnain Titang)
Peta India nunjukin Assam
Genah Assam ring India
Koordinat: 26°08′N 91°46′E / 26.14°N 91.77°E / 26.14; 91.77Koordinat: 26°08′N 91°46′E / 26.14°N 91.77°E / 26.14; 91.77
Country India
RegionIndia Kalér Kangin
Before wasNegara Wagian Assam
Bifurcation21 Jan 1972
Formation
(as a state)
26 January 1950[2]
CapitalDispur
Largest CityGuwahati
Districts31 (5 kecamatan)
Pamréntahan
 • LembagaGovernment of Assam
 • GovernorGulab Chand Kataria
 • Chief MinisterHimanta Biswa Sarma (BJP)
LegislatureUnicameral
 • AssemblyAssam Legislative Assembly (126 seats)
National ParliamentParliament of India
 • Rajya Sabha7 seats
 • Lok Sabha14 seats
High CourtGauhati High Court
Jimbar
 • Total78.438 km2 (30,285 sq mi)
Peringkat jimbar wawidangan16th
Dimensions
 • Panjang725 km (450 mi)
 • Lebar30 km (20 mi)
Ketinggian
80 m (260 ft)
Titik pinih tegeh
(Cachar Hills section)
1,960 m (6,430 ft)
Titik pinih endep
45 m (148 ft)
Populasi
 (2011)
 • TotalIncrease 31,169,272
 • Peringkat15th
 • Kepadatan397/km2 (1,030/sq mi)
 • Urban
14,1%
 • Rural
85,9%
DemonimAssamese
Language
 • OfficialAssamBoro[3]
 • Additional OfficialBengali (Barak Valley)[4]
 • Official ScriptBengali–Assamese script
GDP
 • Total (2019-2020)Neutral increase 3,74 lakh crore (US$52 miliar)
 • Rank18th
 • Per capitaIncrease 109.069 (US$1,500) (18th)
Wewidangan galahUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS
HDI (2018)Neutral increase0.614 Medium[6] (30th)
Literacy (2011)Increase72.19%[7] (25th)
Sex ratio (2011)958 (12th)
Situs webassam.gov.in
Symbols of Assam
Gending"O Mur Apunar Desh" (Wahai Negara Tresnain Titang)
Hari kemerdekaanAssam Day
MamaliaIndian rhinoceros
BurungWhite-winged duck
KembangFoxtail orchid
PunyaHollong
State Highway Mark
State Highway of Assam
AS SH1 -AS SH48
List of Indian state and union territory symbols
• First recognised as an administrative division on 1 April 1911, and led to the establishment of Assam Province by partitioning Province of East Bengal and Assam.
• Assam was one of the original provincial divisions of British India.
• Assam has had a legislature since 1937.[8]

Assam (Assam: অসম Ôxôm) magenah ring pahan kalér kangin saking India. Magenah ring pahan kangin bongkol pagunungan Himalaya, kaiterin olih Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura miwah Meghalaya. Negara wagian puniki kahubung sareng wawengkon India sané liyanan saking pawatesan riantara Assam sareng Bénggala Kauh sané kaloktah antuk aran Koridor Siliguri utawi ketah kasengguh Chicken's Neck utawi Baong Ayam. Assam taler mawatesan sareng negara Bhutan ring sikalér kauh miwah kalih pawatesan internasional sareng Bangladesh ring sikauh miwah sikelod kauh.

  1. "State Symbols | Assam State Portal". Assam.gov.in. 2020-12-01. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 4 Juli 2022. Kaaksés 2022-08-24.
  2. Steinberg, S. (2016). The Statesman's Year-Book 1964–65: The One-Volume ENCYCLOPAEDIA of all nations. Springer. p. 412. ISBN 978-0-230-27093-0. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 1 February 2023. Kaaksés 3 September 2018. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 58–59. Kaarsipin saking versi asli (PDF) tanggal 28 Désémber 2017. Kaaksés 16 Pébruari 2016.
  4. "Govt withdraws Assamese as official language from Barak valley". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 9 September 2014. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 29 January 2018. Kaaksés 29 January 2018. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. "Assam Budget 2021". 16 July 2021. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 17 July 2021. Kaaksés 17 July 2021.
  6. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 23 September 2018. Kaaksés 13 September 2018. Check date values in: |access-date=, |archive-date= (help)
  7. "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)" (PDF). planningcommission.gov.in. Planning Commission, Government of India. Kaarsipin saking versi asli (PDF) tanggal 27 January 2018. Kaaksés 3 October 2018.
  8. "Assam Legislative Assembly - History". Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 13 September 2016. Kaaksés 14 September 2016. Check date values in: |access-date=, |archive-date= (help)