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Taman Nasional Laem Son

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Taman Nasional Laem Son
IUCN Kategori II (Taman Nasional)
Map showing the location of Taman Nasional Laem Son
Map showing the location of Taman Nasional Laem Son
Genah taman ring Thailand
GenahPropinsi Ranong lan Phangnga, Thailand
Nampek kotaRanong
Koordinat9°36′14″N 98°27′58″E / 9.604°N 98.466°E / 9.604; 98.466Koordinat: 9°36′14″N 98°27′58″E / 9.604°N 98.466°E / 9.604; 98.466
Jimbar315 km2 (122 sq mi)
Kaadegang1983
Sané NgalolaDepartemén Taman Nasional, Satwa Liar miwah Konservasi Entikan
Aran resmiLoloan Kaper - Taman Nasional Segara Laemson - Loloan Kraburi
Kaadegang14 Agustus 2002
Pustaka no.1183[1]

Taman Nasional Laem Son magenah ring propinsi Ranong lan Phangnga, Thailand. Punika magenah 60 kilométer (37 mi) kelod Ranong ring pasisi kawan negara punika,[2][3] antuk 100 kilométer (62 mi) saking garis pasisi Segara Andaman, manadosang paisi kasaibin pinih lantang ring Thailand.[4] taman nasional segara kaparinamain mawit parinama pinus ring selantang pasisi tanjung.[5] Punika kaadegang ring warsa 1983, miwah maukuran 315 kilométer persegi (122 sq mi).

TN inggih punika wawengkon pasisir antuk pasisi, terumbu karang, rawa bakau, miwah wana sabeh. Saking pasisi ring Hat Bang Ben, makusang saking 20 nusa lepas pasisi kacingak, minakadi Ko Kam Yai, Ko Kam Noi, Mu Ko Yipun, Ko Khang Khao, lan Ko Phayam, sapunika Ko Kam Tok (liyanan Ko Ao Khao Khwai) lan Ko Kam Yai nénten kacingak saking pasisi puniki.[4] Nusa ring Piak Nam Yai[6] miwah Thao[7] kaloktah krana piranti batu sané kaanggén olih bojog ikuh lantang.[8] Ring warsa 2002, wawengkon Taman Nasional Laemson-Loloan Kapoe-Loloan Tukad Kra Buri katetapang dados situs Ramsar.[9] Sesampun Linuh miwah tsunami Samudra Hindia 2004, kantor pusat taman nasional rusak rata, miwah Ao Khao Khwai (Celuk Tanduk Banteng) kakepah manados kalih nusa alit.[10] Sebuah konsorsium sawitra institusional ngafasilitasin proyék réstorasi mangrove ring Laem Son.[11]

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. "Kaper Estuary - Laemson Marine National Park - Kraburi Estuary". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Kaaksés 16 Juli 2019.
  2. Braatz, Susan M. (Nopémber 1992). Conserving biological diversity: a strategy for protected areas in the Asia-Pacific region. World Bank Publications. pp. 57–. ISBN 978-0-8213-2307-6. Kaaksés 1 Oktober 2011.
  3. Hoskin, John (October 2006). Thailand. New Holland Publishers. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-1-84537-549-2. Kaaksés 10 December 2011.
  4. 4,0 4,1 Williams, China (1 Agustus 2009). Thailand. Lonely Planet. pp. 638–. ISBN 978-1-74179-157-0. Kaaksés 10 Désémber 2011.
  5. Angell, James Burrill (Désémber 2000). Water is the Animal: Fin de Millenaire Reflections of Planet Earth from a Diplomatic Courier. iUniverse. pp. 104–. ISBN 978-0-595-15423-4. Kaaksés 10 Désémber 2011.
  6. Haslam, M.; Gumert, M. D.; Biro, D.; Carvalho, S.; Malaivijitnond, S. (2013). Noë, Ronald (ed.). "Use-Wear Patterns on Wild Macaque Stone Tools Reveal Their Behavioural History". PLOS ONE. 8 (8): e72872. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072872. PMC 3745380. PMID 23977365.
  7. Gumert, Michael; Fuentes, Agustin (30 Méi 2011). Monkeys on the Edge: Ecology and Management of Long-Tailed Macaques and Their Interface with Humans. Cambridge University Press. pp. 332–. ISBN 978-0-521-76433-9. Kaaksés 10 December 2011.
  8. Malaivijitnond, S.; Lekprayoon C; Tandavanittj N; Panha S; Cheewatham C; Hamada Y. (February 2007). "Stone-tool usage by Thai long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)". Am J Primatol. 69 (2): 227–33. doi:10.1002/ajp.20342. PMID 17146796. S2CID 24117181.
  9. Oh, J.V.; Ratner, B.D.; Bush, S.R. (Séptémber 2005). Kolandai, K.; Too, T.Y. (eds.). Westlands Governance in the Mekong Region. The WorldFish Center. pp. 152–. ISBN 978-983-2346-40-1. Kaaksés 10 Désémber 2011.
  10. Meprasert, Somrudee; Oregon State University (2006). The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami: Tourism impacts and recovery progress in Thailand's marine national parks. pp. 17–. ISBN 978-0-542-96361-2. Kaaksés October 1, 2011.
  11. Kallesøe, Mikkel Franklin; Bambaradeniya, Channa; Iftikhar, Usman Ali; Thushara Ranasinghe; Sriyanie Miththapala (2008). Linking coastal ecosystems and human well-being : learning from conceptual frameworks and empirical results. IUCN. pp. 31–. ISBN 978-955-8177-83-9. Kaaksés 10 December 2011.

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