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Mongolia

Монгол Улс
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Bendera Mongolia
Kober
{{{coat_alt}}}
Lambang
Gending kebangsaan

Genah Mongolia
Genah Mongolia
Ibu kota
Ulaanbaatar[a]
Koordinat: 47°55′N 106°53′E / 47.917°N 106.883°E / 47.917; 106.883
Basa resmiMongol
Aksara resmiSirilik Mongolia
Aksara Mongol[1]
Kelompok etnik
(2010)
Agama
Buddhisme (53%)
Nénten meagama (38.6%)
Islam (3%)
Shamanisme (2.9%)
Kristen (2.2%)
Liyané (0.4%)[2]
Demonim
PamrentahanNegara kesatuan republik semi-presidensial [3][4][5]
• Presiden
Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh
Legislatipᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠤᠨ
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ
ᠬᠤᠷᠠᠯ

Улсын Их Хурал
Ulsyn Ikh Hural
Pembentukan
sekitar 209 SM
1206
• Merdeka saking Dinasti Qing
29 Desember 1911
• Merdeka saking Tiongkok
11 Juli 1921
• Republik Rakyat Mongolia kadiriang
26 November 1924
• Kemerdekaan keakuin olih Tiongkok
5 Januari 1946
13 Februari 1992
Jimbarnyané
 - Total
1,566,000 km2 (605,000 sq mi) (ka-18)
 - Perairan (%)
0.67[2]
Populasi
 - Perkiraan 2016
3,081,677[6] (ke-134)
1.97[7]/km2 (5.1/sq mi) (ka-238)
PDB (KKB)2018
 - Total
$43.174 miliar[8] (ka-115)
$13,904[8] (ka-93)
PDB (nominal)2018
 - Total
$12.724 billion[8] (ka-133)
$4,097[8] (ka-116)
Gini (2011)36.5[9]
sedang
IPM (2017)Increase 0.741[10]
tinggi · ke-92
Mata uangTögrög (₮)
(MNT)
Zona waktu
(UTC+7/+8[11])
 - Musim panas (DST)
UTC+8/+9[12]
Wentuk pinanggalyyyy.mm.dd (CE)
Lajur kemudikenawan
Kode telepon+976
Kode ISO 3166MN
Ranah Internet.mn, .мон
  1. ^ Taler kaeja "Ulan Bator".
  2. ^ "Mongolia" nujuang kebangsaan, sané jangkep minoritas sekadi Kazakh utawi Tuvan, sakewanten "Mongol" nujuang ring etnis Mongol.

Mongolia silih sinunggil negara sané magenah ring antara wates Rusia sareng Cina, negara puniki dados sinunggil negara sané nénten medué pasih.

Negara puniki kaloktah antuk krama ipun sané akeh kantun ngemargiang tradisi nomaden.

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. "Official Documents to be in Mongolian Script". UB Post. June 21, 2011. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal November 1, 2011. Retrieved 2010-07-11. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 "Mongolia". The World Factbook. CIA. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal Juli 3, 2015. Retrieved Agustus 9, 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies. Kaarsipin saking versi asli (PDF) tanggal August 19, 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  4. Shugart, Matthew Søberg (Désémber 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns" (PDF). French Politics. 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. Kaarsipin saking versi asli (PDF) tanggal Maret 4, 2016. Retrieved Pébruari 21, 2016. Even if the president has no discretion in the forming of cabinets or the right to dissolve parliament, his or her constitutional authority can be regarded as 'quite considerable' in Duverger’s sense if cabinet legislation approved in parliament can be blocked by the people's elected agent. Such powers are especially relevant if an extraordinary majority is required to override a veto, as in Mongolia, Poland, and Senegal. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  5. Odonkhuu, Munkhsaikhan (Pébruari 12, 2016). "Mongolia: A Vain Constitutional Attempt to Consolidate Parliamentary Democracy". ConstitutionNet. International IDEA. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal Pébruari 25, 2016. Retrieved Pébruari 21, 2016. Mongolia is sometimes described as a semi-presidential system because, while the prime minister and cabinet are collectively responsible to the SGKh, the president is popularly elected, and his/her powers are much broader than the conventional powers of heads of state in parliamentary systems. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. "National Statistical Office of Mongolia". UBSEG.GOV.MN. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal April 15, 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  7. 7,0 7,1 Apr 2016
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 8,3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  9. "Gini Index". World Bank. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal Juni 8, 2014. Retrieved Maret 2, 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  10. "Human Development Report 2018 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  11. "Galah Standar Mongolia punika GMT (UTC) +8, mekudang wewidangan Mongolia nganggen GMT (UTC) +7". Time Temperature.com. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal Oktober 13, 2007. Retrieved Séptémber 30, 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  12. "Peubahan jam ring Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia". timeanddate.com. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal Maret 25, 2015. Retrieved Maret 27, 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)