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Usage of IPA pronunciation templates[uah wit]

Wikipedia offers several templates for proper display of IPA transcriptions.

IPA font[uah wit]

In general, IPA symbols on a page should be enclosed in the {{IPA}} template, which formats the text in an IPA-producing font. If a substantial portion of a page uses IPA, it is customary to post notice of that fact with {{Contains special characters|IPA}}, though each token still requires the {{IPA}} template for proper formatting.

If there are not enough occurrences to warrant a notice, then consider a template that links to an IPA key for the first instance of the IPA on a page or section.

English words[uah wit]

For English words, in a broad, non-regional transcription, as when giving the pronunciation of a key word in an article, use {{IPAc-en}}, which links to Help:IPA/English, a chart of the subset of the IPA that is relevant to English, and automates the conversion to IPA, so that {{IPAc-en|'|w|3:r|d}} appears as /ˈwɜːrd/. This provides mouse-over links to the symbols, and is now the preferred template.

For a specific transcription in a regional variety, use {{IPA-endia}} or {{IPA-all}}.

Non-English words[uah wit]

For words that are not assimilated into English, regional pronunciations of English words, and non-standard English dialects, use templates linking to the more general Help:IPA chart, containing all major IPA symbols:

  • {{IPA-all}}, appearing as: IPA: [word]. Or:
  • For specific languages, there may be dedicated IPA keys for standardized transcription. There are several options for their display. The first cell includes the ISO code of the language; the second is the transcription; the third keys an introductory phrase; and the fourth is space for a sound file. Using the French word eau [o] as an example, we have the default format:
    • {{IPA-fr|o}}Pangucapan basa Prancis: ​[o]
  • Or the word "pronounced" can be used as the introduction:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|pron}}Kaucap [o]
  • Language name only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|lang}}Basa Prancis: [o]
  • "IPA" only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|IPA}}IPA: [o]
  • Link only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|}}[o]
  • Any of these may be combined with a sound file:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|lang|Fr-eau.ogg}}Basa Prancis: [o] (Tentang suara ini renge)
  • For the default introductory phrase, however, a placeholder such as “-” is required:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|-|Fr-eau.ogg}}Pangucapan basa Prancis: [o] (Tentang suara ini renge)

Basa sane kadukung miwah mal[uah wit]

Sorog Basa Mal
Wantuan:IPA/Adyghe Adyghe {{IPA-ady}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Afrikaans Afrikaans {{IPA-af}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Albanian Albanian {{IPA-sq}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Alemannic German Alemannic German {{IPA-gsw}} (uses)
Colonia Tovar dialect {{IPA-gct}} (uses)
Swabian German {{IPA-swg}} (uses)
Walser German {{IPA-wae}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Amharic Amharic {{IPA-am}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Arabic Arabic {{IPA-ar}} (uses), {{IPAc-ar}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Armenian Armenia {{IPA-hy}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Assamese Assamese {{IPA-as}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Astur-Leonese Asturia {{IPA-ast}} (uses)
Extremadura {{IPA-ext}} (uses)
Leonese {{IPA-le}} (uses)
Mirandese {{IPA-mwl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Australian languages Basa Australia Aborigin {{IPA-aus}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Azerbaijani Azerbaijani {{IPA-az}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Basque Basque {{IPA-eu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Belarusian Belarusian {{IPA-be}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Bengali Bengali {{IPA-bn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Berber Berber {{IPA-ber}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Breton Breton {{IPA-br}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Bulgarian Bulgarian {{IPA-bg}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Burmese Burmese {{IPA-my}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Cantonese Cantonese {{IPA-yue}} (uses), {{IPAc-yue}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Catalan Catalan {{IPA-ca}} (uses)
Valencian {{IPA-va}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Colognian Colognian {{IPA-ksh}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Corsican Corsican {{IPA-co}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Czech Czech {{IPA-cs}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Danish Danish {{IPA-da}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Dutch Dutch {{IPA-nl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Egyptian Arabic Egyptian Arabic {{IPA-arz}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Emilian-Romagnol Emilian {{IPA-egl}} (uses)
Romagnol {{IPA-rgn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/English English {{IPAc-en}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Esperanto Esperanto {{IPA-eo}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Estonian Estonia {{IPA-et}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Fijian Fijian {{IPA-fj}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Finnish Finnish {{IPA-fi}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Franco-Provençal Franco-Provençal {{IPA-frp}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/French Prancis {{IPA-fr}} (uses), {{IPAc-fr}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Galician Galicia {{IPA-gl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Georgian Georgia {{IPA-ka}} (uses), {{IPAc-ka}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Greek Greek {{IPA-el}} (uses), {{IPA-grc}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Greenlandic Greenlandic {{IPA-kl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Gujarati Gujarati {{IPA-gu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Haitian Creole Haitian Creole {{IPA-ht}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Hawaiian Hawaiian {{IPA-haw}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Hebrew Hebrew {{IPA-he}} (uses), {{IPAc-he}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Hejazi Arabic Hejazi Arabic {{IPA-acw}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Hindi and Urdu Hindustani {{IPA-hns}} (uses)
Hindi {{IPA-hi}} (uses)
Urdu {{IPA-ur}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Hmong Hmong {{IPA-hmn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Hungarian Hungarian {{IPA-hu}} (uses), {{IPAc-hu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Icelandic Icelandic {{IPA-is}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Igbo Igbo {{IPA-ig}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Insular Catalan Insular Catalan {{IPA-cadia}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Inuktitut Inuktitut {{IPA-iu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Inupiaq Inupiaq {{IPA-ik}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Irish Irish {{IPA-ga}} (uses), {{IPAc-ga}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Italian Italian {{IPA-it}} (uses), {{IPAc-it}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Italian dialects Italian dialects {{IPA-itdia}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Japanese Japanese {{IPA-ja}} (uses), {{IPAc-ja}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Kazakh Kazakh {{IPA-kk}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Khmer Khmer {{IPA-km}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Korean Korean {{IPA-ko}} (uses), {{IPAc-ko}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Kurdish Kurdish {{IPA-ku}} (uses)
Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish) {{IPA-kmr}} (uses)
Sorani (Central Kurdish) {{IPA-ckb}} (uses)
Southern Kurdish {{IPA-sdh}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Kyrgyz Kyrgyz {{IPA-ky}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Lakota Lakota {{IPA-lkt}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Lao Lao {{IPA-lo}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Latin Latin {{IPA-la}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Latvian Latvian {{IPA-lv}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Lebanese Arabic Lebanese Arabic {{IPA-apc-LB}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Ligurian Ligurian {{IPA-lij}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Lithuanian Lithuanian {{IPA-lt}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Lombard Lombard {{IPA-lmo}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Luxembourgish Luxembourgish {{IPA-lb}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Macedonian Macedonian {{IPA-mk}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Malagasy Malagasy {{IPA-mg}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Malay Malay {{IPA-ms}} (uses)
Indonesian {{IPA-id}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Malayalam Malayalam {{IPA-ml}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Maltese Maltese {{IPA-mt}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Mandarin Standard Chinese {{IPA-cmn}} (uses), {{IPAc-cmn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Manx Manx {{IPA-gv}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Maithili Maithili {{IPA-mai}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Māori Māori {{IPA-mi}} (uses), {{IPAc-mi}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Marathi Marathi {{IPA-mr}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Marshallese Marshallese {{IPA-mh}} (uses), {{IPAc-mh}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Mauritian Creole Mauritian Creole {{IPA-mfe}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Mayan Mayan {{IPA-myn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Mongolian Mongolian {{IPA-mn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Nahuatl Nahuatl {{IPA-nah}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Navajo Navajo {{IPA-nv}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Neapolitan Neapolitan {{IPA-nap}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Nepali Nepali {{IPA-ne}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Nguni Swazi {{IPA-ss}} (uses)
Xhosa {{IPA-xh}} (uses)
Zulu {{IPA-zu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Northern Thai Northern Thai {{IPA-nod}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Norwegian Norwegian {{IPA-no}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Occitan Occitan {{IPA-oc}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Odia Odia {{IPA-or}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Old English Old English {{IPA-ang}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Persian Persian {{IPA-fa}} (uses)
Dari {{IPA-prs}} (uses)
Tajik {{IPA-tg}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Piedmontese Piedmontese {{IPA-pms}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Polish Polish {{IPA-pl}} (uses), {{IPAc-pl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Portuguese Portuguese {{IPA-pt}} (uses), {{IPAc-pt}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Punjabi Punjabi {{IPA-pa}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Quechua Quechua {{IPA-qu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Romanian Romanian {{IPA-ro}} (uses), {{IPAc-ro}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Romansh Romansh {{IPA-rm}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Russian Russian {{IPA-ru}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Sanskrit Sanskrit {{IPA-sa}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Sardinian Sardinian {{IPA-sc}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic {{IPA-gd}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian {{IPA-sh}} (uses)
Croatian {{IPA-hr}} (uses)
Serbian {{IPA-sr}} (uses)
Bosnian {{IPA-bs}} (uses)
Montenegrin {{IPA-cnr}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue Shan {{IPA-shn}} (uses)
Tai Lue {{IPA-khb}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Sicilian Sicilian {{IPA-scn}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Slovak Slovak {{IPA-sk}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Slovene Slovene {{IPA-sl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Spanish Spanish {{IPA-es}} (uses), {{IPAc-es}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Standard German German {{IPA-de}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Swahili Swahili {{IPA-sw}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Swedish Swedish {{IPA-sv}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Sylheti Sylheti {{IPA-syl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Tagalog Tagalog {{IPA-tl}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Taiwanese Hokkien Taiwanese Hokkien {{IPA-taiwan}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Tamil Tamil {{IPA-ta}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Tatar Tatar {{IPA-tt}} (uses), {{IPA-crh}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Telugu Telugu {{IPA-te}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Thai Thai {{IPA-th}} (uses), {{IPA-sou}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Tibetan Tibetan {{IPA-bo}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Tigrinya Tigrinya {{IPA-ti}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Tunisian Arabic Tunisian Arabic {{IPA-aeb}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Turkish Turkish {{IPA-tr}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Turkmen Turkmen {{IPA-tk}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Ukrainian Ukrainian {{IPA-uk}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Uzbek Uzbek {{IPA-uz}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Venetian Venetian {{IPA-vec}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Vietnamese Vietnamese {{IPA-vi}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Walloon Walloon {{IPA-wa}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Welsh Welsh {{IPA-cy}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/West Frisian West Frisian {{IPA-fy}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Wu Chinese Wu Chinese {{IPA-wuu}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Yiddish Yiddish {{IPA-yi}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Yoruba Yoruba {{IPA-yo}} (uses)
Wantuan:IPA/Zhuang Zhuang {{IPA-za}} (uses)

Languages without dedicated keys[uah wit]

Templates have been created for languages which do not yet have dedicated key pages. Transcriptions which use these templates will link to Help:IPA for the time being; when a language-specific key is created the templates will be linked accordingly. For example, you can use {{IPA-jv|word}} for Javanese, but for the moment it will link to Help:IPA, producing Mal:IPA-jv.

Languages and language extensions (IPA-xx) with links to Help:IPA

Conversion to IPA[uah wit]

The template {{x2i}} takes X-SAMPA symbols (ASCII equivalents of IPA symbols) and converts them to IPA.

Other language-specific templates allow you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) in place of IPA characters, and they will be automatically converted to the phonetic symbols that are used to transcribe the language. The templates that are currently available are shown below, with examples:

Language Template Code example Result
Arabic {{IPAc-ar}} (uses) {{IPAc-ar|2|a|l|l|u|gh|a|t_|a|l|3|a|r|a|b|i|y|y|a}} [ʔalluɣat‿alʕarabijja]
Cantonese {{IPAc-yue}} (uses) {{IPAc-yue|h|ung|2|.|z|i|2}} [hǒŋ.tsǐː]
English {{IPAc-en}} (uses) {{IPAc-en|,|{|l|@|'|b|{|m|@}} /ˌæləˈbæmə/
French {{IPAc-fr}} (uses) {{IPAc-fr|j|@|-|s|U|i|s_|a|m|é|r|i|c|ain}} [ʒə sɥi.z‿ameʁikɛ̃]
Georgian {{IPAc-ka}} (uses) {{IPAc-ka|dz|a|l|a|_|e|r|t|o|b|a|sh|i|a}} Mal:IPAc-ka
Hebrew {{IPAc-he}} (uses) {{IPAc-he|y|a|ʿ|a|k|o|v}} Mal:IPAc-he
Hungarian {{IPAc-hu}} (uses) {{IPAc-hu|'|m|a|gy|a|r}} Mal:IPAc-hu
Irish {{IPAc-ga}} (uses) {{IPAc-ga|'|b|ai|l'|@|-|'|á|th|@|-|'|c'|l'|ia|th}} Mal:IPAc-ga
Italian {{IPAc-it}} (uses) {{IPAc-it|'|i|:|o|_|'|s|o|:|n|o|_|a|m|e|r|i|'|c|a|:|n|o}} Mal:IPAc-it
Japanese {{IPAc-ja}} (uses) {{IPAc-ja|ku|ro|si|o}} Mal:IPAc-ja
Korean {{IPAc-ko}} (uses) {{IPAc-ko|h|a|ng|eo}} Mal:IPAc-ko
Mandarin {{IPAc-cmn}} (uses) {{IPAc-cmn|zh|ong|1|h|ua|2|-|r|en|2|m|in|2|-|g|ong|4|h|e|2|g|uo|2}} Mal:IPAc-cmn
Māori {{IPAc-mi}} (uses) {{IPAc-mi|ng|ā|r|u|a|'|w|ā|h|i|a}} Mal:IPAc-mi
Marshallese {{IPAc2-mh}} (uses) {{IPAc2-mh|mhahjelh}} Mal:IPAc2-mh
Polish {{IPAc-pl}} (uses) {{IPAc-pl|'|sz|cz|e|ć|i|n}} [ˈʂt​͡ʂɛt​͡ɕin]
Portuguese {{IPAc-pt}} (uses) {{IPAc-pt|p|o|<|r|t|u|'|g|a|l|lang=pt}} and {{IPAc-pt|b|r|a|'|S|i|l|lang=br}} Mal:IPAc-pt and Mal:IPAc-pt
Romanian {{IPAc-ro}} (uses) {{IPAc-ro|ˈ|m|u|n|ț|ii|_|f|ă|g|ă|ˈ|r|a|ș|u|l|ui}} Mal:IPAc-ro
Spanish {{IPAc-es}} (uses) {{IPAc-es|m|i|'|gu|e|l|_|d|e|_|c|e|r|'|v|a|n|t|e|s|_|s|aa|'|v|e|d|r|a}} Mal:IPAc-es

The following templates have also been created, but they haven't been vetted by the community and may not work properly:

See also[uah wit]

Mal:IPA templates