Lis taman nasional ring Amérika Serikat

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Amerika Serikat madué 63 taman nasional, wawengkon saiban puniki katetapang olih Kongres, sané kamargiang olih Layanan Taman Nasional, silih tunggil agén saking Departemén Jero Negara.[1]

Peta interaktip Taman Nasional Amérika Serikat.

Taman nasional[uah | uah wit]

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* Warna ijo – UNESCO netapang dados Situs Tetamian Gumi (WHS)
dagger Warna pelung – UNESCO netapang dados Cagar Biosfér (BR)
double-dagger Warna tangi – taman sané ngeranjing ring makekalih program UNESCO
Aran Gambar Genah Tanggal katetapang manados taman[2][3] Jimbar (2021)[4] Tamiu rékréasi (2021)[5] Pidarta
Acadia A white lighthouse Maine
44°21′N 68°13′W / 44.35°N 68.21°W / 44.35; -68.21 (Acadia)

Mal:Dts/outdm 49,071.40 ékar (198.6 km2) 4,069,098 Ngajangkepin makéhan Gunung Pulo Gurun miwah pulo-pulo pasisi liyanan, Acadia ngenahang gunung pinih tegeh ring pasisi Atlantik Amérika Serikat, pucak granit, garis pasisi segara, wana, miwah danu. Wénten habitat toya ning, loloan, wana, miwah intertidal.[6][7]
Samoa Amérika A white sand beach and verdant peaks Samoa Amérika
14°15′S 170°41′W / 14.25°S 170.68°W / -14.25; -170.68 (National Park of American Samoa)

01988-10-31October 31, 1988 8,256.67 ékar (33.4 km2) 8,495 Taman nasional pinih kelod magenah ring tiga nusa Samoa dan nyaibin terumbu karang, wana sabeh, gunung vulkanik, miwah pasisi bias putih. Wawengkon puniki taler dados umah antuk rubah ngindang, kedis pasih soklat, penyu, miwah 900 spésiés ulam.[8]
Arches Delicate Arch, an iconic natural arch Utah
38°41′N 109°34′W / 38.68°N 109.57°W / 38.68; -109.57 (Arches)

01971-11-12November 12, 1971 76,678.98 ékar (310.3 km2) 1,806,865 Situs puniki madué langkung saking 2.000 lengkungan batu bias alami, antuk makudang lengkungan kasub ring taman punika Lengkungan Delicate, Lengkungan Landscape miwah Lengkungan Double.[9] Payutaan warsa érosi sampun ngariptayang struktur puniki ring iklim gurun ring dija tanah sané tuh ngelah kerak tanah biologis sané nunjang kauripan miwah bolong sané mawiguna dados pedokan panampung toya alami. Rupa géologi liyané rumasuk watu puncak, képés, miwah watu tegteg.[10]
Taman Badlands Golden Glow Canyon.jpg South Dakota
43°45′N 102°30′W / 43.75°N 102.50°W / 43.75; -102.50 (Badlands)

01978-11-10November 10, 1978 242,755.94 ékar (982.4 km2) 1,224,226 Badlands puniki pupulan butte, puncak, menara, miwah tegalan padang campuhan. Tukad Putih Badlands madaging pupulan pinih ageng fosil mamalia Éosén miwah Oligosen ungkur sané kauningin.[11] Satwa liar luiré bison, domba bighorn, musang mabatis selem, miwah asu tegalan padang.[12]
Big Bend dagger On the Border (39960085292).jpg Texas
29°15′N 103°15′W / 29.25°N 103.25°W / 29.25; -103.25 (Big Bend)

01944-06-12June 12, 1944 801,163.21 ékar (3,242.2 km2) 581,220 Kaparinamain mawit bikukan Bend ring Rio Grande ring selantang pawatesan AS–Méksiko, taman puniki ngajangkepin makéhan miwah kapencil saking Gurun Chihuahuan. Wisata utama ipun rékréasi padésaan ring Pagunungan Chisos sané tuh miwah ring ngarai selantang tukad. Makudang soroh fosil Kapur miwah Térsiér taler artéfak budaya krama asli Amérika sané wénten ring pawatesan nyané.[13] (BR)[14]
Biscayne Biscayne NP snorkeling.jpg Florida
25°39′N 80°05′W / 25.65°N 80.08°W / 25.65; -80.08 (Biscayne)

01980-06-28June 28, 1980 172,971.11 ékar (700.0 km2) 705,655 Wagian tengah Celuk Biscayne, makehan taman sor segara ring ujung kalér Florida Keys punika madué papat ékosistem segara sané saling mapaiketan: wana mangrove, Celuk, Keys, miwah terumbu karang. Beburon sané kaancem rumasuk Manatee India Kawan, Buaya Amérika, makudang penyu, miwah sikep peregrine.[15]
Ngarai Hitam Gunnison Black canyon gunnison Colorado.jpg Colorado
38°34′N 107°43′W / 38.57°N 107.72°W / 38.57; -107.72 (Black Canyon of the Gunnison)

01999-10-21October 21, 1999 30,779.83 ékar (124.6 km2) 308,910 Taman puniki nyaibin saprapat saking Tukad Gunnison, sané ngepah tembok ngarai dalem saking watu ireng aab Prakambria. Ngarai puniki ngelah makudang abing pinih dalem miwah watu pinih purwa ring Amérika Kalér, taler pinaka situs kaloktah antuk arung jeram miwah menek abing. Ngarai sané dalem miwah cupek saking gneiss miwah schist, sané kacingak ireng rikala magenah ring lawat.[16]
Bryce Canyon Panorama view from Inspiration Point Utah
37°34′N 112°11′W / 37.57°N 112.18°W / 37.57; -112.18 (Bryce Canyon)

01928-02-25February 25, 1928 35,835.08 ékar (145.0 km2) 2,104,600 Bryce Canyon inggih punika ampiteater géologis ring Dataran Duur Paunsaugunt antuk kategehan panyatusan, warna-warni kerubung watubias sané karupa olih érosi. Wawengkon puniki ring pamahbah nyané kamenengin olih krama asli Amérika miwah sesampunné olih parintis Mormon.[17]
Canyonlands Canyonlands National Park…Needles area (6294480744).jpg Utah
38°12′N 109°56′W / 38.2°N 109.93°W / 38.2; -109.93 (Canyonlands)

01964-09-12September 12, 1964 337,597.83 ékar (1,366.2 km2) 911,594 Lanskap puniki kakikis dados labirin ngarai, buttes, miwah mesas olih campuhan kikihan saking Tukad Colorado, Tukad Ijo, miwah panak tukad ipun, sané ngawagi taman manados tiga distrik. Taman puniki taler madué puncak miwah lengkungan watu, taler artéfak saking Krama Puéblo Purwa.[18]
Capitol Reef Cassidy Arch at Capitol Reef Utah
38°12′N 111°10′W / 38.20°N 111.17°W / 38.20; -111.17 (Capitol Reef)

01971-12-18December 18, 1971 241,904.50 ékar (979.0 km2) 1,405,353 Taman Waterpocket Fold puniki 100-mil (160 km) monoklin sané ngenahang lapisan géologis gumi sané akéh. Rupa alami liyanan rumasuk monolit, abing, miwah kubah batu bisa wentuk nyané sekadi Gedung Kongres Amérika Serikat.[19]
Goa Carlsbad * Carlsbad Caverns.jpg New Mexico
32°10′N 104°26′W / 32.17°N 104.44°W / 32.17; -104.44 (Carlsbad Caverns)

01930-05-14May 14, 1930 46,766.45 ékar (189.3 km2) 349,244 Goa Carlsbad madué 117 goa, sané pinih lantang riantara ipun lantang nyané 120 mil (190 km). The Big Room lantang nyané 4,000 kaki (1,200 m), miwah goa dados umah antuk langkung saking 400.000 lelawah ikuh bébas Méksiko miwah nem welas speésiés liyanan. Ring duur tanah punika Gurun Chihuahuan miwah Rattlesnake Spring.[20] (WHS)[21]
Pulo Channel dagger Santa Cruz Island CA DSC 4323 ad.JPG California
34°01′N 119°25′W / 34.01°N 119.42°W / 34.01; -119.42 (Channel Islands)

01980-03-05March 5, 1980 249,561.00 ékar (1,009.9 km2) 319,252 Kasaibin lima saking kutus Kapuloan Channel, antuk atenga saking wawengkon taman magenah ring sor patoyan. Kapuloan puniki madué ékosistem Méditérania sané unik ring pamahbah nyané kamenengin olih Wong Chumash. Ipun dados umah antuk langkung 2.000 spesies entikan miwah beburon darat, 145 éndemik irika, rumasuk rubah nusa. Layanan feri nawahin transportasi nuju pulo-pulo saking daratan.[22] (BR)[23]
Congaree dagger Cyprus trees along a creek South Carolina
33°47′N 80°47′W / 33.78°N 80.78°W / 33.78; -80.78 (Congaree)

02003-11-10November 10, 2003 26,692.60 ékar (108.0 km2) 215,181 Ring Tukad Congaree, taman puniki wagian pinih ageng saking wana dataran gentuh purwa sané masisa ring Amérika Kalér. Makudang taru sané pinih tegeh ring Amérika Serikat pahan kangin. Marga satapak sané kategehang kasengguh Boardwalk Loop mandu tamiu ngentasin rawa.[24] (BR)[25]
Danu Creater Snowy view of Crater Lake Oregon
42°56′N 122°06′W / 42.94°N 122.1°W / 42.94; -122.1 (Crater Lake)

01902-05-22May 22, 1902 183,224.05 ékar (741.5 km2) 647,751 Danu Creater magehan ring kaldéra gunung marapi purba maparinama Gunung Mazama sané rusak 7.700 warsa sané riin. Danu puniki punika pinih dalem ring Amérika Serikat miwah kaloktah krana warna pelung sané nyalang miwah kaeningan toya ipun. Nusa Wicther miwah Ghost Ship inggih punika formasi vulkanik sané langkung anyar ring sajeroning kaldéra. Krana danu nénten madué saluran ngeranjing utawi saluran medal, punika wantah kaisinin malih olih curah sabeh.[26]
Lebah Cuyahoga Cuyahoga Valley National Park 20.jpg Ohio
41°14′N 81°33′W / 41.24°N 81.55°W / 41.24; -81.55 (Cuyahoga Valley)

02000-10-11October 11, 2000 32,571.88 ékar (131.8 km2) 2,575,275 Taman ring selantang Tukad Cuyahoga puniki madué grobogan, pabukitan, marga satapak, miwah kandarupa indik kauripan padesaan awal. Jalur Towpath Ohio miwah Erie Canal nyarengin Ohio miwah Erie Canal, genah becik munggah jukung kanal. Taman puniki madué akéh umah, kreteg, miwah wangunan malelintihan,[27] taler nawahin pamargian kereta sané ngulangunin.[28]
Death Valley dagger Sand dunes and rocky peaks California, Névada
36°14′N 116°49′W / 36.24°N 116.82°W / 36.24; -116.82 (Death Valley)

01994-10-31October 31, 1994 3,408,395.63 ékar (13,793.3 km2) 1,146,551 Death Valley inggih punika genah pinih panes, pinih éndép, miwah pinih tuh ring Amérika Serikat, antuk suhu sedek tengai nganti 130 °F (54 °C). Taman puniki nyaibin Badwater Basin miwah dataran uyah sané jimbar ring kategehan pinih éndép ring Amérika Kalér, −282 ft (−86 m).[29] Taman taler nyaibin ngarai, tanah tuh, bukit bias, pagunungan, tambang malelintihan, kelebutan, miwah langkung saiing 1.000 spésiés entikan sané mentik ring wawengko géologi puniki.[30] (BR)[31]
Denali dagger View of Denali from Wonder Lake Alaska
63°20′N 150°30′W / 63.33°N 150.50°W / 63.33; -150.50 (Denali)

01917-02-26February 26, 1917 4,740,911.16 ékar (19,185.8 km2) 229,521 Centered on Denali, the tallest and highest prominence mountain in North America, Denali is serviced by a single road leading to Wonder Lake. Denali and other peaks of the Alaska Range are covered with long glaciers and boreal forest. Wildlife includes grizzly bears, Dall sheep, porcupine, caribou, and wolves.[32] (BR)[33]
Dry Tortugas dagger Aerial view of Fort Jefferson Florida
24°38′N 82°52′W / 24.63°N 82.87°W / 24.63; -82.87 (Dry Tortugas)

01992-10-26October 26, 1992 64,701.22 ékar (261.8 km2) 83,817 The islands of the Dry Tortugas, at the westernmost end of the Florida Keys, are the site of Fort Jefferson, a Civil War-era fort that is the largest masonry structure in the Western Hemisphere. The park is home to undisturbed coral reefs and shipwrecks, and is only accessible by plane or boat.[34] (BR)[35]
Everglades double-dagger Pinelands Sunrise (1) NPSPhoto, Sarah Zenner (9255147763).jpg Florida
25°19′N 80°56′W / 25.32°N 80.93°W / 25.32; -80.93 (Everglades)

02022-01-01 Kesalahan: 30 Méi 1934

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1,508,938.57 ékar (6,106.5 km2) 942,130 Everglades inggih punika wana belantara tropis pinih ageng ring Amérika Serikat. mangrove tur ekosistem wana sabeh tropis taler loloan segara punika umah antuk 36 spésiés sané kasaibin, rumasuk Panther Florida, buaya Amérika, miwah Manatee India Kawan. Makudang wawengkon katuhang miwah kakembangang; proyék réstorasi matetujon antuk ngulihang ékologi.[36] (WHS)[37] (BR)[35]
Lawang Arktik View of the winding Alatna River Alaska
67°47′N 153°18′W / 67.78°N 153.30°W / 67.78; -153.30 (Gates of the Arctic)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 7,523,897.45 ékar (30,448.1 km2) 7,362 The country's northernmost park protects an expanse of pure wilderness in Alaska's Brooks Range and has no park facilities. The land is home to Alaska Natives who have relied on the land and caribou for 11,000 years.[38]
Gateway Arch Night view of St Louis and the Gateway Arch Missouri
38°38′N 90°11′W / 38.63°N 90.19°W / 38.63; -90.19 (Gateway Arch)

02018-02-22February 22, 2018[39] 192.83 ékar (0.8 km2) 1,145,081 The Gateway Arch is a 630-kaki (192 m) (both high and wide) catenary arch built to commemorate the Lewis and Clark Expedition, initiated by Thomas Jefferson, and the subsequent westward expansion of the country. The nearby Old Courthouse, across a greenway to the west of the arch, was the first site of the Dred Scott case about slavery. An underground museum describes the arch's construction and the country's westward expansion.[40]
Gletser double-dagger Mountain Goat at Hidden Lake Montana
48°48′N 114°00′W / 48.80°N 114.00°W / 48.80; -114.00 (Glacier)

01910-05-11May 11, 1910 1,013,126.39 ékar (4,100.0 km2) 3,081,656 Atenga Taman Padamaian Internasional Waterton-Glacier saking AS, taman puniki ngajangkepin 26 glétser miwah 130 danu maparinama sané kaiterin olih puncak Gunung Rocky. Wénten hotel malelintihan miwah landmark Going-to-the-Sun Road ring wawengkon glétser sané gelis susut.[41] Pegunungan lokal, sané kaadengang olih sesar tuukan, ngenahang fosil Paléozoikum rumasuk trilobita, moluska, pakis raksasa, miwah dinosaurus. Taman puniki taler dados umah antuk Triple Divide Peak, sané ngadegang wates riantara wawengkon embakan tukad Samudra Atlantik, Pasifik, miwah Arktik.[42] (WHS)[43] (BR)[44]
Celuk Glétser double-dagger Glacier Bay National Park, July 28, 2012.jpg Alaska
58°30′N 137°00′W / 58.50°N 137.00°W / 58.50; -137.00 (Glacier Bay)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 3,223,383.43 ékar (13,044.6 km2) 89,768 Celuk Glétser madaging glétser toya pasang, pagunungan, fjord, miwah wana sabeh maiklim sedeng, miwah dados umah antuk populasi ageng beruang grizzly, kambing gunung, paus, kuluk pasih, miwah sikep. Rikala kacunduk duk warsa 1794 olih George Vancouver, samian celuk katekepin olih és, sapunika glétser sampun susut langkung saking 65 mil (105 km).[45] (WHS)[46] (BR)[47]
Grand Canyon * USA 09847 Grand Canyon Luca Galuzzi 2007.jpg Arizona
36°04′N 112°08′W / 36.06°N 112.14°W / 36.06; -112.14 (Grand Canyon)

02022-01-01 Kesalahan: 26 Pébruari 1919

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1,201,647.03 ékar (4,862.9 km2) 4,532,677 Grand Canyon, lebah sané kaukir olih Tukad Colorado, lantang ipun 277 mil (446 km), kedaleman ipun ngantos (1.6 km), taler linggah nyané ngantos 15 mil (24 km). Yutaan warsa érosi sampun ngenahang lapisan warna-warni saking Dataran Duur Colorado ring mesas miwah témbok ngarai, kacingaj saking margi setapak sané tedun ring ngarai saking sisi kalér miwah kelod.[48] (WHS)[49]
Grand Teton dagger The "Cathedral Group" mountains Wyoming
43°44′N 110°48′W / 43.73°N 110.80°W / 43.73; -110.80 (Grand Teton)

01929-02-26February 26, 1929 310,044.36 ékar (1,254.7 km2) 3,885,230 Grand Teton inggih punika gunung pinih tegeh ring Pagunungan Teton. Taman malelitihan Bolong Jackson miwah danu piedmont reflektif sané akéh katongosin satwa liar éndemik, antuk latar ungkur pagunungan terjal sané sagetan ngenah saking lebah sané katekepin sage.[50] (BR)[51]
Great Basin Creek with fallen tree Névada
38°59′N 114°18′W / 38.98°N 114.30°W / 38.98; -114.30 (Great Basin)

01986-10-27October 27, 1986 77,180.00 ékar (312.3 km2) 144,875 Based around Névada's second tallest mountain, Wheeler Peak, Great Basin National Park contains 5,000-year-old bristlecone pines, a rock glacier, and the limestone Lehman Caves. Due to its remote location, the park has some of the country's darkest night skies. Wildlife includes the Townsend's big-eared bat, pronghorn, and Bonneville cutthroat trout.[52]
Bukit Bias Ageng Sunset shadows on sand dunes Colorado
37°44′N 105°31′W / 37.73°N 105.51°W / 37.73; -105.51 (Great Sand Dunes)

02004-09-24September 24, 2004 107,345.73 ékar (434.4 km2) 602,613 The tallest sand dunes in North America, up to 750 kaki (230 m) tall, were formed by deposits of the ancient Rio Grande in the San Luis Valley. Abutting a variety of grasslands, shrublands, and wetlands, the park also has alpine lakes, six 13,000-foot mountains, and old-growth forests.[53]
Pagunungan Great Smoky double-dagger Sayong ring Pagunungan Great Smoky Carolina Kalér, Tennessee
35°41′N 83°32′W / 35.68°N 83.53°W / 35.68; -83.53 (Great Smoky Mountains)

01934-06-15June 15, 1934 522,426.88 ékar (2,114.2 km2) 14,161,548 Pagunungan Great Smoky, pahan saking Pagunungan Appalachian, ngacakup makudang kategehan, manadosang ipun umah antuk langkung saking 400 spésiés vértebrata, 100 spésiés taru, miwah 5000 spésiés entikan. Hiking punika wasa tarik utama taman, antuk langkung saking 800 mil (1,300 km) pamunggahan, rumasuk 70 mil (110 km) saking Pamunggahan Appalachian. Parilaksana liyanan rumasuk mamancing, ménékin jaran, miwah ngarauhin langkung saking 80 wangunan malelintihan.[54] (WHS)[55] (BR)[56]
Pagunungan Guadalupe El Capitan ring Taman Nasional Guadalupe Texas
31°55′N 104°52′W / 31.92°N 104.87°W / 31.92; -104.87 (Guadalupe Mountains)

01966-10-15October 15, 1966 86,367.10 ékar (349.5 km2) 243,291 This park contains Guadalupe Peak, the highest point in Texas, as well as the scenic McKittrick Canyon filled with bigtooth maples, a corner of the arid Chihuahuan Desert, and a fossilized coral reef from the Permian era.[57]
Haleakalā dagger Haleakalā crater Hawaii
20°43′N 156°10′W / 20.72°N 156.17°W / 20.72; -156.17 (Haleakalā)

01961-07-01July 1, 1961 33,264.62 ékar (134.6 km2) 853,181 Gunung berapi Haleakalā ring Maui madué kawah sané sanget ageng antuk akéh kojong cinder, Hosmer's Grove taru asing, telaga ulam toya ning wagian Kipahulu sané ngulangunin, miwah angsa Hawaii asli. Taman puniki nyaibin makéhan spésiés sané kaancem punah ring sajeroning taman nasional AS.[58] (BR)[59]
Gunung Api Hawaiʻi double-dagger Sulfur at Halemaumau vent Hawaii
19°23′N 155°12′W / 19.38°N 155.20°W / 19.38; -155.20 (Hawaiʻi Volcanoes)

02022-01-01 Kesalahan: 1 Agustus 1916

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325,605.28 ékar (1,317.7 km2) 1,262,747 Taman ring nusa ageng puniki nyaibin gunung berapi Kīlauea miwah Mauna Loa, kalih genah géologi pinih aktip rung gumi. Makudang ékosistem ngawit saking wana tropis rung pamukaan segara nuju genah lava tandus ring langkung saking 13,000 kaki (4,000 m).[60] (WHS)[61] (BR)[59]
Hot Springs Hots Springs National Park aerial.jpg Arkansas
34°31′N 93°03′W / 34.51°N 93.05°W / 34.51; -93.05 (Hot Springs)

01921-03-04March 4, 1921 5,554.15 ékar (22.5 km2) 2,162,884 Hot Springs was original established as a federal reserve by Congress on April 20, 1832—the oldest area managed by the National Park Service. Natural hot springs flow out of the Ouachita Mountains, providing opportunities for relaxation in a historic setting. Bathhouse Row preserves examples of 19th-century architecture.[62] Hot Springs is the first national park in a city and was the smallest national park until 2018.[63]
Indiana Dunes 2010-11-26 3060x2040 portage indiana dunes.jpg Indiana
41°39′12″N 87°03′09″W / 41.6533°N 87.0524°W / 41.6533; -87.0524 (Indiana Dunes)

02019-02-15February 15, 2019 15,349.08 ékar (62.1 km2) 3,177,210 Previously designated a national lakeshore, parts of this 20-mil (32 km) stretch of the southern shore of Lake Michigan have sandy beaches and tall dunes. The park includes grassy prairies, peat bogs, and marsh wetlands home to over 2,000 species.[64]
Isle Royale dagger IsleRoyalePlane.jpg Michigan
48°06′N 88°33′W / 48.10°N 88.55°W / 48.10; -88.55 (Isle Royale)

01940-04-03April 3, 1940 571,790.30 ékar (2,314.0 km2) 25,844 The largest island in Lake Superior is a place of isolation and wilderness. Along with its many shipwrecks, waterways, and hiking trails, the park also includes over 400 smaller islands within 4.5 mil (7.2 km) of its shores. There are only 20 mammal species on the island, though the relationship between its wolf and moose populations is especially unique.[65] (BR)[66]
Joshua Tree dagger Joshua trees and a rock formation California
33°47′N 115°54′W / 33.79°N 115.90°W / 33.79; -115.90 (Joshua Tree)

01994-10-31October 31, 1994 795,155.85 ékar (3,217.9 km2) 3,064,400 Covering large areas of the Colorado and Mojave Deserts and the Little San Bernardino Mountains, this desert landscape is populated by vast stands of Joshua trees. Large changes in elevation reveal various contrasting environments including bleached sand dunes, dry lakes, rugged mountains, and maze-like clusters of monzogranite monoliths.[67] (BR)[31]
Katmai Bears at Naknek Lake Alaska
58°30′N 155°00′W / 58.50°N 155.00°W / 58.50; -155.00 (Katmai)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 3,674,529.33 ékar (14,870.3 km2) 24,764 This park on the Alaska Peninsula protects the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes, an ash flow formed by the 1912 eruption of Novarupta, and the stratovolcano Mount Katmai. Over 2,000 grizzly bears come here each year to catch spawning salmon. Other wildlife includes caribou, wolves, moose, and wolverines.[68]
Kenai Fjords Kenai Fjords National Park ENBLA20.jpg Alaska
59°55′N 149°39′W / 59.92°N 149.65°W / 59.92; -149.65 (Kenai Fjords)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 669,650.05 ékar (2,710.0 km2) 411,782 Near Seward on the Kenai Peninsula, this park protects the Harding Icefield and at least 38 glaciers and fjords stemming from it. The only area accessible to the public by road is the rapidly shrinking Exit Glacier. Boat and kayak tours offer views of tidewater glaciers, whales, and marine birds.[69]
Kings Canyon dagger Copper Creek Trail at Kings Canyon California
36°48′N 118°33′W / 36.80°N 118.55°W / 36.80; -118.55 (Kings Canyon)

01940-03-04March 4, 1940 461,901.20 ékar (1,869.2 km2) 562,918 Home to several giant sequoia groves and the General Grant Tree, the world's second largest measured tree, this park also features part of the Kings River, sculptor of the dramatic granite canyon that is its namesake, and the San Joaquin River, as well as Boyden Cave.[70] Although Kings Canyon National Park was designated as such in 1940, it subsumed General Grant National Park, which had been established on October 1, 1890, as the United States' fourth national park.[71][72][73] (BR)[74]
Lebah Kobuk Wetlands along the Kobuk River (8029770162).jpg Alaska
67°33′N 159°17′W / 67.55°N 159.28°W / 67.55; -159.28 (Kobuk Valley)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 1,750,716.16 ékar (7,084.9 km2) 11,540 Kobuk Valley protects 61 mil (98 km) of the Kobuk River and three regions of sand dunes. Created by glaciers, the Great Kobuk, Little Kobuk, and Hunt River Sand Dunes can reach 100 kaki (30 m) high and 100 °F (38 °C), and they are the largest dunes in the Arctic. Twice a year, half a million caribou migrate through the dunes and across river bluffs that expose well-preserved ice age fossils.[75]
Danu Clark Lake Clark Place Name Project images. Credit Dev Charm Khalsa NPS. (36bde271-64b3-447a-b18a-9421e5e07284).jpg Alaska
60°58′N 153°25′W / 60.97°N 153.42°W / 60.97; -153.42 (Lake Clark)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 2,619,816.49 ékar (10,602.0 km2) 18,278 The region around Lake Clark features four active volcanoes, including Mount Redoubt, as well as an abundance of rivers, glaciers, and waterfalls. Temperate rainforests, a tundra plateau, and three mountain ranges complete the landscape.[76]
Vulkanik Lassen Lake Helen with snow California
40°29′N 121°31′W / 40.49°N 121.51°W / 40.49; -121.51 (Lassen Volcanic)

01916-08-09August 9, 1916 106,589.02 ékar (431.4 km2) 359,635 Lassen Peak, the largest lava dome volcano in the world, is joined by all three other types of volcanoes in this park: shield, cinder cone, and composite. Though Lassen itself last erupted in 1915, most of the rest of the park is continuously active. Numerous hydrothermal features, including fumaroles, boiling pools, and bubbling mud pots, are heated by molten rock from beneath the peak.[77]
Goa Mammoth double-dagger Mammoth Cave National Park 007.jpg Kentucky
37°11′N 86°06′W / 37.18°N 86.10°W / 37.18; -86.10 (Mammoth Cave)

02022-07-011 Juli 1941 54,016.29 ékar (218.6 km2) 515,774 Antuk langkung saking 400 mil (640 km) saking lorong-lorong sané kajelajahin, Goa Mammoth punika sistem goa pinih lantang sané kauningin ring guminé. Satwa liar sor tanah ngejangkepin kutus spésiés lelawah, Udang goa Kentucky, ulam goa kalér, miwah salamander goa. Ring duur tanah, taman nyadiayang rékréasi ring Tukad Gadang, 70 mil jalur hiking, miwah akéh bolong pangutangan taler kelebutan.[78] (WHS)[79] (BR)[80]
Mesa Verde * Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde Colorado
37°11′N 108°29′W / 37.18°N 108.49°W / 37.18; -108.49 (Mesa Verde)

02022-06-2929 Juni 1906 52,485.17 ékar (212.4 km2) 548,477 Wawengkon puniki pinaka madaging langkung saking 4.000 situs arkéologi wong Pitara Puebloan, sané nyeneng irika miwah ring genah liyanan ring wawidangan Four Corners lami ipun sawatara 700 warsa. Genah nenyeng abing sané kawungun duk abad ka-12 tur ka-13 rumasuk Puri Abing, sané ngelah 150 kamar miwah 23 kiva, taler Umah Ampik, antuk akéh gook miwah terowongan.[81] (WHS)[82]
Gunung Rainier Tatoosh Range WA MRNP1.jpg Washington
46°51′N 121°45′W / 46.85°N 121.75°W / 46.85; -121.75 (Mount Rainier)

01899-03-02March 2, 1899 236,381.64 ékar (956.6 km2) 1,670,063 Mount Rainier, an active stratovolcano, is the most prominent peak in the Cascades and is covered by 26 named glaciers including Carbon Glacier and Emmons Glacier, the longest and largest in the contiguous United States respectively. The mountain is popular for climbing, and more than half of the park is covered by subalpine and alpine forests and meadows seasonally in bloom with wildflowers. Paradise on the south slope is among the snowiest places on Earth.[83] The Longmire visitor center is the start of the Wonderland Trail, which encircles the mountain.[84]
New River Gorge New River Gorge Bridge West Virginia
38°04′N 81°05′W / 38.07°N 81.08°W / 38.07; -81.08 (New River Gorge)

02020-12-27December 27, 2020 72,345.91 ékar (292.8 km2) 1,682,720 The New River Gorge is the deepest river gorge east of the Mississippi River. The park is primarily the lower gorge area around the New River Gorge Bridge, which features some of the country's best whitewater rafting. Smaller noncontiguous sections showcase the ghost town of Thurmond, the scenic Grandview vista, and Sandstone Falls. The other 65,165 acres[convert: unknown unit] of the redesignated national river is now a national preserve, spanning 53 mi (85 km) of the New River.[85][86]
Cascades Kalér Cascade Pass Washington
48°42′N 121°12′W / 48.70°N 121.20°W / 48.70; -121.20 (North Cascades)

01968-10-02October 2, 1968 504,780.94 ékar (2,042.8 km2) 17,855 The highly glaciated mountains of the North Cascades Range exhibit spectacular and complex geologic history. Between the river valleys and high peaks there are eight diverse life zones with 75 mammal and 1,600 vascular plant species. Popular hiking and climbing areas of the Stephen Mather Wilderness include Cascade Pass, Mount Shuksan, Mount Triumph, and Eldorado Peak. Ross Lake and Lake Chelan National Recreation Areas adjoin the two segments of the park and are all administered together.[87]
Olimpiade double-dagger Bigleaf maples in the Hoh Rainforest Washington
47°58′N 123°30′W / 47.97°N 123.50°W / 47.97; -123.50 (Olympic)

01938-06-29June 29, 1938 922,649.41 ékar (3,733.8 km2) 2,718,925 Taman sané magenah ring Samenanjung Olimpiade puniki ngajangkepin makudang ékosistem saking garis pasisi Pasifik nuju wana maiklim sedeng ngantos pucak gletser alpine Pagunungan Olimpiade, sané pinih tegeh punika Gunung Olympus. Wana sabeh Hoh tur Quinault pinaka genah pinih belus ring Amérika Serikat, antuk wana Hoh nerima rerata sawatara 12 ft (3.7 m) sabeh nyabran warsa.[88][89] (WHS)[90] (BR)[91]
Wana Ngebatu Cone-shaped rock formations Arizona
35°04′N 109°47′W / 35.07°N 109.78°W / 35.07; -109.78 (Petrified Forest)

01962-12-09December 9, 1962 221,390.21 ékar (895.9 km2) 590,334 This portion of the Chinle Formation has a large concentration of 225-million-year-old petrified wood. The surrounding Painted Desert features eroded cliffs of red-hued volcanic rock called bentonite. Dinosaur fossils and over 350 Native American sites are also protected in this park.[92]
Pinnacles Pinnacles National Park.jpg California
36°29′N 121°10′W / 36.48°N 121.16°W / 36.48; -121.16 (Pinnacles)

02013-01-10January 10, 2013 26,685.73 ékar (108.0 km2) 348,857 Named for the eroded leftovers of a portion of an extinct volcano, the park's massive black and gold monoliths of andesite and rhyolite are a popular destination for rock climbers. Hikers have access to trails crossing the Coast Range wilderness. The park is one of the few locations the endangered California condor can be seen in the wild. Pinnacles also supports a dense population of prairie falcons and more than 13 species of bat that populate its talus caves.[93]
Redwood * Wana Redwood masayong California
41°18′N 124°00′W / 41.30°N 124.00°W / 41.30; -124.00 (Redwood)

01968-10-02October 2, 1968 138,999.37 ékar (562.5 km2) 435,879 Taman puniki miwah taman negara wagian sané kakelola sinarengan nyaibin langkung atenga saking samian redwood pasisir sané masisa, taru pinih tegeh ring gumi. Wénten tiga sistem tukad ageng ring wawengkon sané sanget aktip mawit séismik, miwah 37 mil (60 km) garis pasisi sané kasaibin ngenahang telaga pasang susut miwah tumpukan segara. Ékosistem padang jimbar, loloan, pasisi, tukad, miwah wana madaging makudang soroh beburon miwah entikan.[94] (WHS)[95]
Gunung Rocky dagger Danu miwah Pagunungan Rocky Bierstadt Colorado
40°24′N 105°35′W / 40.40°N 105.58°W / 40.40; -105.58 (Rocky Mountain)

01915-01-26January 26, 1915 265,807.24 ékar (1,075.7 km2) 4,434,848 Bisected north to south by the Continental Divide, this portion of the Rockies has ecosystems varying from over 150 riparian lakes to montane and subalpine forests to treeless alpine tundra. Wildlife including mule deer, bighorn sheep, black bears, and cougars inhabit its igneous mountains and glacial valleys. Longs Peak, a classic Colorado fourteener, and the scenic Bear Lake are popular destinations, as well as the historic Trail Ridge Road, which reaches an elevation of more than 12,000 kaki (3,700 m).[96] (BR)[97]
Saguaro Saguaronationalparl17102008.jpg Arizona
32°15′N 110°30′W / 32.25°N 110.50°W / 32.25; -110.50 (Saguaro)

01994-10-14October 14, 1994 92,867.42 ékar (375.8 km2) 1,079,786 Split into the separate Rincon Mountain and Tucson Mountain districts, this park is evidence that the dry Sonoran Desert is still home to a great variety of life spanning six biotic communities. Beyond the namesake giant saguaro cacti, there are barrel cacti, chollas, and prickly pears, as well as lesser long-nosed bats, spotted owls, and javelinas.[98]
Sequoia dagger Giant sequoia grove California
36°26′N 118°41′W / 36.43°N 118.68°W / 36.43; -118.68 (Sequoia)

01890-09-25September 25, 1890 404,062.63 ékar (1,635.2 km2) 1,059,548 This park protects the Giant Forest, which boasts some of the world's largest trees, the General Sherman being the largest measured tree in the park. Other features include over 240 caves, a long segment of the Sierra Névada including the tallest mountain in the contiguous United States, and Moro Rock, a large granite dome.[99] (BR)[74]
Shenandoah Dark Hollow Falls in Autumn Virginia
38°32′N 78°21′W / 38.53°N 78.35°W / 38.53; -78.35 (Shenandoah)

01935-12-26December 26, 1935 200,192.09 ékar (810.1 km2) 1,592,312 Shenandoah's Blue Ridge Mountains are covered by hardwood forests that teem with a wide variety of wildlife. The Skyline Drive and Appalachian Trail run the entire length of this narrow park, along with more than 500 mil (800 km) of hiking trails passing scenic overlooks and cataracts of the Shenandoah River.[100]
Theodore Roosevelt View of Theodore Roosevelt National Park.jpg North Dakota
46°58′N 103°27′W / 46.97°N 103.45°W / 46.97; -103.45 (Theodore Roosevelt)

01978-11-10November 10, 1978 70,446.89 ékar (285.1 km2) 796,085 This region that enticed and influenced President Theodore Roosevelt consists of a park of three units in the northern badlands. Besides Roosevelt's historic cabin, there are numerous scenic drives and backcountry hiking opportunities. Wildlife includes American bison, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, and wild horses.[101]
Virgin Islands St John Trunk Bay 1.jpg U.S. Virgin Islands
18°20′N 64°44′W / 18.33°N 64.73°W / 18.33; -64.73 (Virgin Islands)

01956-08-02August 2, 1956 15,052.33 ékar (60.9 km2) 323,999 This island park on Saint John preserves pristine beaches surrounded by mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs. It also has Taíno archaeological sites and the ruins of sugar plantations from Columbus's time.[102]
Voyageurs Voyageurs National Park.jpg Minnesota
48°30′N 92°53′W / 48.50°N 92.88°W / 48.50; -92.88 (Voyageurs)

01975-04-08April 8, 1975 218,222.35 ékar (883.1 km2) 243,042 This park protecting four lakes near the Canada–US border is a site for canoeing, kayaking, and fishing. The park also preserves a history populated by Ojibwe Native Americans, French fur traders called voyageurs, and gold miners. Formed by glaciers, the region features tall bluffs, rock gardens, islands, bays, and several historic buildings.[103]
White Sands White Sands New Mexico USA.jpg New Mexico
32°47′N 106°10′W / 32.78°N 106.17°W / 32.78; -106.17 (White Sands)

02019-12-20December 20, 2019[104] 146,344.31 ékar (592.2 km2) 782,469 Located in the mountain-ringed Tularosa Basin, White Sands consists of the southern part of a 275-mil-persegi (710 km2) field of white sand dunes composed of gypsum crystals—the world's largest gypsum dunefield. The park is completely within the White Sands Missile Range and is subject to closure when tests are conducted.[105]
Wind Cave Wind Cave lower.jpg South Dakota
43°34′N 103°29′W / 43.57°N 103.48°W / 43.57; -103.48 (Wind Cave)

01903-01-09January 9, 1903 33,970.84 ékar (137.5 km2) 709,001 Wind Cave is distinctive for its calcite fin formations called boxwork, a unique formation rarely found elsewhere, and needle-like growths called frostwork. It is one of the longest caves in the world and creates a wind as air pressure changes. Above ground is a mixed-grass prairie with animals such as bison, black-footed ferrets, and prairie dogs and ponderosa pine forests home to cougars and elk.[106] The cave is culturally significant to the Lakota people as a creation site.[107]
Wrangell–St. Elias * Rain in the Wrangell Mountains.jpg Alaska
61°00′N 142°00′W / 61.00°N 142.00°W / 61.00; -142.00 (Wrangell – St. Elias)

01980-12-02December 2, 1980 8,323,146.48 ékar (33,682.6 km2) 50,189 The largest national park in the system protects the convergence of the Alaska, Chugach, Wrangell, and Saint Elias Ranges, which include many of the continent's tallest mountains and volcanoes, including the 18,008-foot Mount Saint Elias. More than a quarter of the park is covered with glaciers, including the tidewater Hubbard Glacier, piedmont Malaspina Glacier, and valley Nabesna Glacier.[108] (WHS)[46]
Yellowstone double-dagger Uap ngepul saking kelebutan panas nyinahang kakuwung Wyoming, Montana, Idaho
44°36′N 110°30′W / 44.60°N 110.50°W / 44.60; -110.50 (Yellowstone)

02022-01-01 Kesalahan: 1 Maret 1872

Ini bukan format tanggal yang sah. Mohon periksa ejaannya, angka dan/atau baca dokumentasi templat {{dts}} untuk input tanggal yang tepat.

2,219,790.71 ékar (8,983.2 km2) 4,860,242 Magenah ring Kaldéra Yellowstone, taman madué wawengkon géotérmal rumasuk genah endut ngerodok, kelebutan panes mawarna nyalany sekadi Kelebutan Grand Prismatic, miwah géyser sané meletus sacara teratur, sané pinih kasub punika Old Faithful. Warna kuning Grand Canyon saking Tukad Yellowstone ngelah makudang grobogan sané tegeh, miwah papat pagunungan ngentasin taman. Langkung saking 60 spésiés mamalia rumasuk serigala taru, beruang grizzly, beruang cemeng, lynxes, bison, miwah élk manadosang taman puniki silih tunggil genah becik nyingakin satwa liar.[109] (WHS)[110] (BR)[111]
Yosemite * Half Dome view from Glacier Point California
37°50′N 119°30′W / 37.83°N 119.50°W / 37.83; -119.50 (Yosemite)

02022-01-01 Kesalahan: 1 Oktober 1890

Ini bukan format tanggal yang sah. Mohon periksa ejaannya, angka dan/atau baca dokumentasi templat {{dts}} untuk input tanggal yang tepat.

761,747.50 ékar (3,082.7 km2) 3,287,595 Yosemite ngelah abing granit terjal, grobogan tegeh, miwah wana purwa ring pasimpangan géologi miwah hidrologi sané unik. Half Dome miwah El Capitan mumbul ring pusat taman, Lebah Yosemite sané kapaet olih glétser, miwah saking tembok jegjeg ipun membah Grobogan Yosemite, silih tunggil grobogan pinih tegeh ring Amérika Kalér antuk tegeh 2,425 kaki (739 m). Tiga wana sequoia raksasa, sareng wana belantara sané kantun asli ring jantung Sierra Névada, punika umah antuk makudang spésiés entikan tur baburon langka.[112] (WHS)[113]
Zion Angels Landing.jpg Utah
37°18′N 113°03′W / 37.30°N 113.05°W / 37.30; -113.05 (Zion)

01919-11-19November 19, 1919 147,242.66 ékar (595.9 km2) 5,039,835 Magenah ring pasimpangan Dataran Tegeh Colorado, Great Basin, miwah Gurun Mojavé, taman madaging batu pasir sekadi mesas, menara batu, miwah ngarai, rumasuk Tukad Virgin Narrow. Makudang rupa batu pasir miwah panak tukad saking Tukad Virgin ngardi wana belantara kakepah dados papat palemahan: gurun, riparian, tanah taru, miwah wana konifera.[114]

Taman mawit negara wagian utawi téritori[uah | uah wit]

Tabel puniki ngajangkepin 30 negara wagian miwah kalih wawidangan sané madué taman nasional. Wawidangan kaatur ring aksara méréng.

Negara wagian Total taman Taman kusus Taman sarengan
California 9 8 1
Alaska 8 8
Utah 5 5
Colorado 4 4
Arizona 3 3
Florida 3 3
Washington 3 3
Hawaii 2 2
New Mexico 2 2
South Dakota 2 2
Texas 2 2
Montana 2 1 1
Névada 2 1 1
Wyoming 2 1 1
Samoa Amérika 1 1
Arkansas 1 1
Indiana 1 1
Kentucky 1 1
Maine 1 1
Michigan 1 1
Minnesota 1 1
Missouri 1 1
North Dakota 1 1
Ohio 1 1
Oregon 1 1
South Carolina 1 1
U.S. Virgin Islands 1 1
Virginia 1 1
West Virginia 1 1
Idaho 1 1
North Carolina 1 1
Tennessee 1 1

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  70. "Kings Canyon National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  71. "Kings Canyon National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses July 13, 2018.
  72. "Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks: Final General Management Plan and Comprehensive River Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement". U.S. National Park Service. 2006. p. 35. Kaakses July 13, 2018.
  73. Dilsaver, Lary M.; Tweed, William C. (1990). "Expansion of Sequoia and Creation of General Grant". Challenge of the Big Trees. U.S. National Park Service. Kaakses July 13, 2018.
  74. 74,0 74,1 "Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve and National Parks". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal February 24, 2017. Kaakses February 24, 2017.
  75. "Kobuk Valley National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  76. "Lake Clark National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  77. "Lassen Volcanic National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  78. "Mammoth Cave National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  79. "World Heritage List - Mammoth Cave National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal February 24, 2017. Kaakses February 24, 2017.
  80. "Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve and National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal February 24, 2017. Kaakses February 24, 2017.
  81. "Mesa Verde National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  82. "World Heritage List - Mesa Verde National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal February 24, 2017. Kaakses February 24, 2017.
  83. "Mount Rainier National Park – Frequently Asked Questions". National Park Service. Kaakses February 28, 2017.
  84. "Mount Rainier National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  85. "New River Gorge National Park and Preserve". National Park Service. Kaakses December 27, 2020.
  86. Averill, Graham (2020-12-22). "West Virginia's New River Gorge Will Be Our 63rd National Park". Outside Online (ring Inggris). Kaakses 2020-12-28.
  87. "North Cascades National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  88. "Olympic National Park-Weather and Climate" (PDF). National Park Service. Kaakses 28 Pébruari 2017.
  89. "Olympic National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses 23 Maret 2010.
  90. "World Heritage List - Olympic National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 24 Pébruari 2017. Kaakses 24 Pébruari 2017.
  91. "Olympic Biosphere Reserve and National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 24 Pébruari 2017. Kaakses 24 Pébruari 2017.
  92. "Petrified Forest National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  93. "Pinnacles National Park". National Park Service. January 11, 2013. Kaakses January 12, 2013.
  94. "Redwood National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses 23 Maret 2010.
  95. "World Heritage List - Redwood National and State Parks". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 24 Pébruari 2017. Kaakses February 24, 2017.
  96. "Rocky Mountain National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  97. "Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve and National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal February 24, 2017. Kaakses February 24, 2017.
  98. "Saguaro National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  99. "Sequoia National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  100. "Shenandoah National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  101. "Theodore Roosevelt National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  102. "Virgin Islands National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  103. "Voyageurs National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  104. "H.R.2500 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020". www.congress.gov. Kaakses December 21, 2019. Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range, SEC. 2851...approximately 2,826 acres of land identified as "To NPS, lands inside current boundary" [plus] approximately 5,766 acres of land identified as "To NPS, new additions" [minus] approximately 3,737 acres of land identified as "To DOA".
  105. "White Sands National Park". National Park Service. December 26, 2019. Kaakses December 27, 2019.
  106. "Wind Cave National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  107. "Wind Cave's Early Days". National Park Service. Kaakses February 28, 2017.
  108. "Wrangell – St. Elias National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  109. "Yellowstone National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.
  110. "World Heritage List - Yellowstone National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 24 Pébruari 2017. Kaakses 24 Pébruari 2017.
  111. "Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve and National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 24 Pébruari 2017. Kaakses 24 Pébruari 2017.
  112. "Yosemite National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses 23 Maret 2010.
  113. "World Heritage List - Yosemite National Park". unesco.org. UNESCO. Kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 24 Pébruari 2017. Kaakses 24 Pébruari 2017.
  114. "Zion National Park". National Park Service. Kaakses March 23, 2010.

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