Basa Sansekerta

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Taittiriya Samhita Veda
Rigveda

Basa Sansekerta (संस्कृतम्, anggén aksara Latin: saṃskṛtam, kaucapang [sɐ̃skɽɪtɐm]) inggih punika basa India kuna sané lantang babadnyané kirang-langkung 3.500 warsa.[1][2] Sansekerta masoroh basa-basa Indo-Arya.[3] Sansekerta inggih punika basa suratan indik agama lan filosofi Hindu miwah suratan akéh kakawian agama Buddha lan Jain lan dados lingua franca India kuna.[4][5] Ring pangawit abad ka-1 M, Sansekerta ibéh ka Asia Tenggara,[6] Asia Timur[7] miwah Asia Tengah[8] sareng agama Buddha lan Hindu, pinaka basa budaya luhur lan basa sané kaanggén olih élit sané nitah wawidangan-wawidangan punika.[9][10] Sansekerta pinaka basa kasurat ngawitin ring abad ka-2 SM saking Rigveda.

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. George Cardona (2012). Sanskrit Language. Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. Harold G. Coward (1990). The Philosophy of the Grammarians, in Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies Volume 5 (Editor: Karl Potter). Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-81-208-0426-5
  3. George Cardona (2012). Sanskrit Language. Encyclopaedia Britannica
  4. Damien Keown; Charles S. Prebish (2013). Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-136-98595-9
  5. A. M. Ruppel (2017). The Cambridge Introduction to Sanskrit. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-08828-3
  6. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1974). Study of Sanskrit in South-East Asia. Sanskrit College
  7. Charles Orzech; Henrik Sørensen; Richard Payne (2011). Esoteric Buddhism and the Tantras in East Asia. BRILL Academic. pp. 985–996. ISBN 978-90-04-18491-6
  8. Banerji, Sures (1989). A companion to Sanskrit literature: spanning a period of over three thousand years, containing brief accounts of authors, works, characters, technical terms, geographical names, myths, legends, and several appendices. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-0063-2
  9. Michael C. Howard (2012). Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies: The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-9033-2
  10. Sheldon Pollock (2009). The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture, and Power in Premodern India. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26003-0