Pavo

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Pavo Uah nilai ring Wikidata
Periode Miosen Untat nganti mangkin
Peacock.displaying.better.800pix.jpg
Merak India (Pavo cristatus)
Taksonomi
superdomainBiota
superkerajaanEukaryota
krajanAnimalia
subkrajanBilateria
infrakrajanDeuterostomia
PilumChordata
subfilumVertebrata
infrafilumGnathostomata
megaclassOsteichthyes
superkelasSarcopterygii
KladDipnotetrapodomorpha
KladTetrapodomorpha
superkelasTetrapoda
KelasAves
ordoGalliformes
kaluwargaPhasianidae
GénusPavo Uah nilai ring Wikidata
Linnaeus Uah nilai ring Wikidata, 1758 Uah nilai ring Wikidata
Species
Merak petak

Pavo punika genus saking kalih spésiés ring kaluwarga paksi pegar. Kalih spésiés sareng Merak Kongo, kauningin antuk merak.

Spésiés[uah | uah wit]

Gambar Aran Binomial Aran Pasebaran
Peacock Plumage (Unsplash).jpg Pavo cristatus Merak India Asia Kelod
Pavo muticus - Hai Hong Karni.jpg Pavo muticus Merak ijo Asia Kelod-Kangin

Cutetan Posil[uah | uah wit]

  • Pavo bravardi (Awal – Untat Pliosen) – Gallus moldovicus, ketah iwang antuk moldavicus
  • Gallus aesculapii, Miosen untat - Pliosen awal "paksi wana" saking Yunani, menawi rumasuk paski merak.

Aab Pliosen ring Semenanjung Balkan merak (Merak Bravard) idup sareng ptarmigan (Lagopus)[1] Merak kasebar jimbar ring semenanjung Balkan miwah Éropa Kelod-Kangin nganti untat Pliosen.[2]

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. Boev, Z. 1998. Peafowls (g. Pavo Linnaeus, 1758) and Ptarmigans (g. Lagopus Brisson, 1760): an unique coexistance in North Bulgaria over 3 m. y. ago. - Biogeographia, Nuova Serie, Siena, 19 – 1997: 219-222.
  2. Boev, Z. 2002. Fossil record and disappearance of peafowl (Pavo Linnaeus) from the Balkan Peninsula and Europe (Aves: Phasianidae). – Historia naturalis bulgarica, 14: 109-115.
  • Stidham, Thomas A. The first fossil of the Congo peafowl (Galliformes: Afropavo). S. Afr. j. sci. [online]. 2008, vol.104, n.11-12, pp. 511–512. ISSN 0038-2353.
  • Louchart A. (2003). A true peafowl in Africa. S. Afr. J. Sci. 99, 368–371. [ Links ]
  • Pickford M., Senut B. and Mourer-Chauviré C. (2004). Early Pliocene Tragulidae and peafowls in the rift valley, Kenya: evidence for rainforest in East Africa. C. R. Palevol 3, 179–189. [ Links ]
  • Dupain J. and Van Krunkelsven E. (1996). Recent observations of the Congo Peacock Afropavo congensis in the Equateur Province, Zaire. Ostrich 67, 94–95. [ Links ]
  • Stidham T.A. (2007). Preliminary assessment of the Late Miocene avifauna from Lemudong'o, Kenya. Kirtlandia 56, 173–176. [ Links ]
  • Kimball R.T., Braun E.L. and Ligon J.D. (1997). Resolution of the phylogenetic position of the Congo peafowl, Afropavo congensis: a biogeographic and evolutionary enigma. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264, 1517–1523. [ Links ]
  • Phylogeny of major lineages of galliform birds (Aves: Galliformes) based on complete mitochondrial genomes:
X.-Z. Kan1, J.-K. Yang1, X.-F. Li1, L. Chen1, Z.-P. Lei2, M. Wang1,
C.-J. Qian1, H. Gao3 and Z.-Y. Yang3
  • Dyke, G.J., Gulas, B.E. and Crowe, T.M. 2003. The suprageneric relationships of galliform birds (Aves, Galliformes): a cladistic analysis of morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 137: 227–244.
  • van Tuinen, M. and Dyke, G.J. 2004. Calibration of galliform molecular clocks using multiple fossils and genetic partitions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30(1): 74-86