Kléopatra

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Kleopatra VII Filopator
Kleopatra-VII.-Altes-Museum-Berlin1.jpg
Kleopatra Berlin, arca pakaryan Romawi sané ngambarang sosok Kleopatra nganggén diadem kerajaan, pertengahan abad kapertama SM, kirang langkung galah lawatan Kleopatra ka Roma (46–44 SM), katemuang ring vila Italia ring sisin Via Appia, mangkin kasimpen ring Museum Altes, Jerman.[1][2][3][note 1]
Ratu Kerajaan Wangsa Ptolemaios
Berkuasa51 – 10 atau 12 Agustus 30 SM (21 warsa)[4][note 2]
PendahuluPtolemaios XII Auletes
PenerusPtolemaios XV Kaisarion
Penguasa bersamaPtolemaios XII Auletes (s. 80–58 SM - 55–51 SM)
Ptolemaios XIII Teos Filopator (51–s. 47 SM)
Ptolemaios XIV (47 SM–44 SM)
Ptolemaios XV Kaisarion (44 SM – 30 SM)
EmbasMula warsa 69 SM
Aleksandria, Kerajaan Wangsa Ptolemaios
Seda10 atau 12 Agustus 30 SM
(yusa 39 warsa)[note 2]
Aleksandria, Mesir
Setra
Nenten kauningin
(minab ring Mesir)
Wastan lengkap
Kleopatra VII Tea Filopatora
AyahPtolemaios XII Auletes
IbuNenten kauningin, minab Kleopatra VI Trifaina (kasub masih dados Kleopatra V Trifaina)[note 3]
PasanganPtolemaios XIII Teos Filopator
Ptolemaios XIV
Markus Antonius
OkaPtolemaios XV Filopator Filometor Kaisar, Kaisarion
Aleksandros Helios
Kleopatra Selene, Ratu Mauretania
Ptolemaios XVI Filadelfos
Kleopatra VII ring hieroglif
Mal:Hiero/cartoucheKleopatra
Qlwpdrt
Mal:Hiero/SerechNama Horus (1): Wer(et)-neb(et)-neferu-achet-seh
Wr(.t)-nb(.t)-nfrw-3ḫ(t)-sy
Tuan putri kesempurnaan, cemerlang dalam kebijaksanaan
Mal:Hiero/SerechNama Horus (2): Weret-tut-en-it-es
Wr.t-twt-n-jt=s
Orang besar, citra suci ayahanda
Mal:Hiero/cartoucheKleopatra netjeret mer(et) ites
Qlwpdrt nṯrt mr(t) jts
Dewi Kleopatra kesayangan ayahanda

Mal:Romawi kuno miwah kejatuhan Républik

Berlín Cleopatra 02.JPG

Kléopatra VII Philopator (basa Yunani: Κλεοπάτρα Φιλοπάτωρ, embas duk warsa 69 SM, séda 10 utawi 12 Agustus 30 SM) inggih punika ratu aktif kaping untat Karajaan Ptolémaik Mesir. Ida masoroh raja-raja Ptolémaik, artosnyané ida raja warih sang Ptoléméus Sotér I, raja Makédonia Yunani miwah kantin Aléksander Agung. Sasampun sédané Kléopatra, Mesir dados propinsin Kaprabon (Kekaisaran) Roma miwah muputang masa Hélénistik, sané ngawit saking Aléksander Agung (336-323 SM). Yadiastun basa aslinnyané Kléopatra inggih punika basa Yunani, ida dados ratu warih Ptolémaik kaping pertama sané muruk basa Mesir.[5]

Cutetan[uah | uah wit]

  1. Validasi lebih lanjut indik "Kleopatra Berlin" dados kawaceng ring Polo 2013, pp. 184–186, Roller 2010, pp. 54, 174–175, Jones 2006, p. 33, dan Hölbl 2001, p. 234.
  2. 2,0 2,1 Pikobet nganggit: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama date of Cleopatra's death
  3. Pikobet nganggit: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama cleopatra v or vi

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. Raia & Sebesta (2017).
  2. Art Institute of Chicago (2016).
  3. Grout (2017b).
  4. Burstein (2004), pp. xx–xxiii, 155.
  5. Burstein, Stanley M. (2004), The Reign of Cleopatra, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, ISBN 9780313325274

Wit[uah | uah wit]

Wit daring[uah | uah wit]

  • Sabino, Rachel; Gross-Diaz, Theresa (2016), Cat. 22 Tetradrachm Portraying Queen Cleopatra VII, Art Institute of Chicago, doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.23475.22560, kaakses 6 March 2018.
  • Radio 4 Programmes – A History of the World in 100 Objects, Empire Builders (300 BC – 1 AD), Rosetta Stone, BBC, kaakses 7 June 2010.
  • Mark Antony and Cleopatra, Classical Numismatic Group, 17 May 2010, kaakses 25 March 2018.
  • Grout, James (1 April 2017a), Basalt Statue of Cleopatra, Encyclopaedia Romana (University of Chicago), kaakses 7 March 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  • Grout, James (1 April 2017b), Was Cleopatra Beautiful?, Encyclopaedia Romana (University of Chicago), kaakses 6 March 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  • Muellner, Leonard, A Poetic Etymology of Pietas in the Aeneid, Center for Hellenic Studies, Harvard University, kaakses 9 April 2018.
  • Plutarch (1920), Plutarch's Lives, katerjemahang olih Bernadotte Perrin, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (Perseus Digital Library, Tufts University), kaakses 8 March 2018.
  • Raia, Ann R.; Sebesta, Judith Lynn (Séptémber 2017), The World of State, College of New Rochelle, kaarsipin saking versi asli tanggal 2018-03-06, kaakses 6 March 2018. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  • Tyldesley, Joyce (6 December 2017), Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, Encyclopædia Britannica, kaakses 18 May 2018.
  • Walker, Susan; Higgs, Peter (2017) [2001], Portrait Head, British Museum, kaakses 6 March 2018.
  • Reece, Steve (2017), "Cleopatra Couldn't Spell (And Neither Can We!)", ring Groton, Anne Harmar (ed.), Ab Omni Parte Beatus: Classical Essays in Honor of James M. May, Mundelein, Illinois: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, pp. 201–220, ISBN 9780865168435, LCCN 2017002236, OCLC 969973660, kaakses 2 Séptémber 2018.

Wit cetak[uah | uah wit]

Pustaka liyanan[uah | uah wit]

Pranala jaba[uah | uah wit]

Mal:Wikinews

Mal:S-hou
Gelar kebangsawanan
Sadurungné olih:
Ptolemaios XII
Ratu Mesir
51–30 SM
bersama dengan Ptolemaios XII,
Ptolemaios XIII,
Ptolemaios XIV,
Ptolemaios XV

Mal:S-non