Cerpén

Saking Wikipédia
Loncat ke navigasi Loncat ke pencarian

Cerpén inggih punika satua cutet sané marupa prosa. Cerpén punika cutetan tekén sastra sané lianan sakadi novél utawi novélla. Karya sastra puniki madasar antuk téknik-téknik sastra minakadi tokoh, plot, téma lan basa. Cerpén wénten kapertama saking tradisi liwat omongan (tradisi lisan) sané ngamedalang carita-carita sané kasub sakadi Odyssey sané kakaryanin olih Homer. Carita-carita kuno punika kacritayang marupa puisi sané mawirama. Wentuk kuno cerpén sané lianan inggih punika anekdot. Anékdot punika maguna antuk perumpamaan, carita cutet sané madaging antuk piteket utawi tetujon.

Carita cutet utawi cerpén puniki ngemusatang carita antuk abesik manten kajadiannyané tur nganggén galah sané akidikan saking novél. Unsur intrinsik sané ngawangun cerpén puniki minakadi:

  1. Téma inggih punika topik utawi daging utama sané kaanggén dasar antuk ngaryanin karya sastra cerpén punika
  2. Latar inggih punika wéénten latar genah, latar galah tur latar suasana sané kaanggén ngidupang carita apang sang sané maca punika resep antuk carita sané wénten ring cerpén punika
  3. Alur inggih punika urutan utawi kejadian-kejadian sané wénten ring carita cerpénné, alur kakepah dados tiga inggih punika alur maju, alur mundur, lan alur campuran
  4. Perwatakan inggih punika sifat sakadi becik utawi jelé tokoh utawi anak sané kacritayang ring cerpénné
  5. Tokoh inggih punika sang sané kabaosang utawi kacritayang ring daging cerpén.

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

Cingak masih[uah | uah wit]

Pustaka liyanan[uah | uah wit]

  • Browns, Julie, ed. (1997). Ethnicity and the American Short Story. New York: Garland.
  • Goyet, Florence (2014). The Classic Short Story, 1870–1925: Theory of a Genre. Cambridge: Open Book Publishers.
  • Gelfant, Blanche; Lawrence Graver, eds. (2000). The Columbia Companion to the Twentieth-Century American Short Story. Columbia University Press.
  • Hart, James; Phillip Leininger, eds. (1995). Oxford Companion to American Literature. Oxford University Press.
  • Ibáñez, José R; José Francisco Fernández; Carmen M. Bretones, eds. (2007). , Contemporary Debates on the Short Story. Bern: Lang.
  • Iftekharrudin, Farhat; Joseph Boyden; Joseph Longo; Mary Rohrberger, eds. (2003). Postmodern Approaches to the Short Story. Westport, CN: Praeger.
  • Kennedy, Gerald J., ed. (2011). Modern American Short Story Sequences: Composite Fictions and Fictive Communities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lohafer, Susan (2003). Reading for Storyness: Preclosure Theory, Empirical Poetics, and Culture in the Short Story. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Magill, Frank, ed. (1997). Short Story Writers. Pasadena, California: Salem Press.
  • Patea, Viorica, ed. (2012). Short Story Theories: A Twenty-First-Century Perspective. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
  • Scofield, Martin, ed. (2006). The Cambridge Introduction to the American Short Story. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Watson, Noelle, ed. (1994). Reference Guide to Short Fiction. Detroit: St. James Press.
  • Winther, Per; Jakob Lothe; Hans H. Skei, eds. (2004). The Art of Brevity: Excursions in Short Fiction Theory and Analysis. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press.
  • Eikhenbaum, Boris, "How Gogol's 'Overcoat' is Made" in Elizabeth Trahan (ed.) (1982). Gogol's "Overcoat" : An Anthology of Critical Essays,. Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Hanson, Clare (1985). Short Stories and Short Fictions, 1880–1980. New York: St. Martin's Press.
  • LoCicero, Donald (1970). Novellentheorie: The Practicality of the Theoretical. (About the German theories of the Short Story) The Hague: Mouton.
  • Lohafer, Susan; Jo Ellyn Clarey, eds. (1990). Short Story Theory at a Crossroads. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.
  • Mann, Susan Garland (1989). The Short Story Cycle: A Genre Companion and Reference Guide. New York: Greenwood Press.
  • O'Connor, Frank (1963). The Lonely Voice: A Study of the Short Story. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company.
  • O'Faoláin, Seán (1951). The short story. Cork: Mercier, 1948; New York: Devin-Adair.
  • Rohrberger, Mary (1966). Hawthorne and the Modern Short Story: A Study in Genre. The Hague: Mouton.

Pranala jaba[uah | uah wit]