Andorra

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Principality of the Valleys of Andorra

Principat de les Valls d'Andorra  (Katalan)a
Bendera Andorra
Kober
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
SemboyanVirtus Unita Fortior
"United virtue is stronger"[1]
Gending kebangsaanEl Gran Carlemany  (Katalan)
"The Great Charlemagne"
Location of Andorra (center of green circle) in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of Andorra (center of green circle)

in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Ibu kota
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517Koordinat: 42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500°N 1.517°E / 42.500; 1.517
Basa resmiCatalanb
Kelompok etnik
(2017[2])
48.8% Andorrans
25.1% Spanish
12% Portuguese
4.4% French
9.7% others
Agama
Roman Catholicism[3][4]
DemonimAndorran
PamrentahanUnitary parliamentary semi-elective diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Emmanuel Macron
Josep Maria Mauri
Patrick Strzoda
Xavier Espot Zamora
Roser Suñé Pascuet
LegislatipGeneral Council
Independence
• from Aragon
8 September 1278[5][6]
• from the French Empire
1814
2 February 1993
Jimbarnyané
 - Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (178th)
 - Perairan (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)c
Populasi
 - Perkiraan 2020
Increase 77,543[7] (203rd)
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
PDB (nominal)2018
 - Total
$3.237 billion[8]
$42,035
Gini (2003)27.21d
rendah
IPM (2018)Increase 0.857[9]
sangat tinggi · 36th
Mata uangEuroe
(EUR)
Zona waktuCET
(UTC+01)
 - Musim panas (DST)
UTC+02 (CEST)
Lajur kemudiright[10]
Kode telepon+376
Kode ISO 3166[[ISO 3166-2:AD

|AD

]]
Ranah Internet.adf
  1. Constitution of Andorra. In Spanish and Portuguese: Principado de Andorra, in French: Principauté d'Andorre.
  2. Spanish, Portuguese and French are spoken by a significant minority
  3. (ring basa Prancis) Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre. "Andorra en xifres 2007: Situació geogràfica, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra" (PDF). Kaarsipin saking versi asli (PDF) tanggal 13 November 2009. Kaakses 26 August 2012.
  4. "Informe sobre l'estat de la pobresa i la desigualtat al Principal d'Andorra (2003)" (PDF). Estadistica.ad. Kaarsipin saking versi asli (PDF) tanggal 10 Agustus 2013. Kaakses 25 Nopémber 2012.
  5. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  6. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.
Lambang Andorra ring parlemen Andorra.

Andorra (/ænˈdɔːrə/ (Tentang suara ini renge), also UK: /ænˈdɒrə/;[11]Catalan: [ənˈdorə]) inggih punika silih tunggil negari ring benoa Éropa. Negari puniki jimbarnyané 468 km² lan akeh kramanyané kirang langkung 74,794 diri.

Pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  1. "Andorran Symbols". WorldAtlas.
  2. Pikobet nganggit: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama cia
  3. Religion and Contemporary Politics: A Global Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. 2019. ISBN 9781440839337.
  4. Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State–Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. ISBN 9789004181496. ...guarantees the Roman Catholic Church free and public exercise of its activities and the preservation of the relations of special co-operation with the state in accordance with the Andorran tradition. The Constitution recognizes the full legal capacity of the bodies of the Roman Catholic Church which have legal status in accordance with their own rules.
  5. "Història d'Andorra". Cultura.ad. Kaakses 26 March 2019.
  6. "Andorra &#124". Enciclopèdia.cat. Kaakses 26 March 2019.
  7. "Population on 31 December". Kaakses 1 April 2020.
  8. Data in GDP from the World Bank
  9. "Human Development Report 2019" (PDF) (ring Inggris). United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. Kaakses 10 December 2019.
  10. "What side of the road do they drive on in Andorra". Kaakses 19 March 2019.[pranala nonaktif permanen]
  11. Roach, Peter (2011). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (edisi ka-18th). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15253-2.

Lis pustaka[uah | uah wit]

  • Negara dan Bangsa Jilid 6: Eropa (ring Indonesia). Jakarta: Widyadara. 1988. ISBN 979-8087-05-4.
  • Armengol Aleix, E. (2009). Andorra: un profund i llarg viatge (ring Katalan). Andorra: Government of Andorra. ISBN 9789992005491.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Guillamet Anton, J. (2009). Andorra: nova aproximació a la història d'Andorra (ring Katalan). Andorra: Revista Altaïr. ISBN 9788493622046.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Llop Rovira, Marta (1998). "L'Edat Moderna a Andorra (S. XVII al XVIII)". Història, Geografia i Institucions d'Andorra. Government of Andorra. ISBN 99920-0-185-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ministeri d'Educació, Joventut i Esports (1996). "L'Edat Antiga i Mitjana a Andorra". Història, Geografia i Institucions d'Andorra. Government of Andorra.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Peruga Guerrero, J. (1998). La crisi de la societat tradicional (S. XIX) (ring Katalan). Andorra: Segona Ensenyança. ISBN 9789992001868.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Pranala jaba[uah | uah wit]